There has been a virtual explosion in the number of bariatric procedures done in the USA and globally in the past 5 years. It is anticipated that more than 200,000 bariatric procedures will be done in the USA in 2012. Bariatric procedures carried out today are generally safe, in most cases effective, and commonly cost-effective in the total health care cost of this population . This chapter reviews the short- and long-term complications of bariatric procedure.
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