Memory testing in dementia: How much is enough?

Douglas S. Derrer, Diane B. Howieson, Erin A. Mueller, Richard M. Camicioli, Gary Sexton, Jeffrey A. Kaye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Analyses of eight widely used memory measures (Word List Acquisition and Recall used in the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale and the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease neuropsychology battery, Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised [WMS-R] Logical Memory I and II, WMS-R Visual Reproduction I and II, the memory scores from the Neurobehavioral Cognitive Status Examination [NCSE], memory scores from the Mini-Mental State Examination [MMSE]), and the MMSE total score showed each to have moderate predictive power in differentiating between patients with mild dementia and healthy normal controls. When these instruments were combined in a logistic regression analysis, three of them had substantial predictive power. Together, the Word List Acquisition, WMS-R Logical Memory II, and WMS-R Visual Reproduction II were 97.26% accurate (100% sensitive and 94.59% specific) in distinguishing these two groups. The Word List Acquisition is a brief test that alone had high accuracy (92%). These memory tests are highly useful in the diagnosis of mild dementia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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