Median preoptic area neurons are required for the cooling and febrile activations of brown adipose tissue thermogenesis in rat

Ellen Paula Santos da Conceição, Shaun Morrison, Georgina Cano, Pierfrancesco Chiavetta, Domenico Tupone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Within the central neural circuitry for thermoregulation, the balance between excitatory and inhibitory inputs to the dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH) determines the level of activation of brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis. We employed neuroanatomical and in vivo electrophysiological techniques to identify a source of excitation to thermogenesis-promoting neurons in the DMH that is required for cold defense and fever. Inhibition of median preoptic area (MnPO) neurons blocked the BAT thermogenic responses during both PGE2-induced fever and cold exposure. Disinhibition or direct activation of MnPO neurons induced a BAT thermogenic response in warm rats. Blockade of ionotropic glutamate receptors in the DMH, or brain transection rostral to DMH, blocked cold-evoked or NMDA in MnPO-evoked BAT thermogenesis. RNAscope technique identified a glutamatergic population of MnPO neurons that projects to the DMH and expresses c-Fos following cold exposure. These discoveries relative to the glutamatergic drive to BAT sympathoexcitatory neurons in DMH augment our understanding of the central thermoregulatory circuitry in non-torpid mammals. Our data will contribute to the development of novel therapeutic approaches to induce therapeutic hypothermia for treating drug-resistant fever, and for improving glucose and energy homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number18072
JournalScientific Reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Median preoptic area neurons are required for the cooling and febrile activations of brown adipose tissue thermogenesis in rat'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this