Mechanics of anatomic reduction of thoracolumbar burst fractures: Comparison of distraction versus distraction plus lordosis, in the anatomic reduction of the thoracolumbar burst fracture

Dewei Zou, Jung U. Yoo, W. Thomas Edwards, Donna M. Donovan, Kao Wha Chang, James C. Bayley, Bruce E. Fredrickson, Hansen A. Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

The adequate reduction of vertebral burst fractures is dependent on successful application of distractive forces in combination with the restoration of normal spinal lordosis. However, the optimal sequent of distraction in comparison to distraction plus lordosis in the anatomic restoration of the fractured thoracolumbar spine has not been described. Burst fractures of the LI vertebra were first created and the reduced in vitro using three differing reduction techniques. In six fresh human cadaver spine specimens, the mean fracture severity based on the degree of canal compromise was 31% (SD ± 20%) after fracture. Reductions were performed using the AO Fixator Intern, the deduction Fixation (RF) Device, end the Steffee plate systems following standard clinical techniques. The AO Fixator intern provided independent but variable control of distraction and lordosis, the RF device provided variable distraction with Independent, but preset, correction of lordosis and the Staffee system provided set distraction and stabilization. Both the AO and RF devices restored the lordosis 17.6° ± 5.2° and 9.7° ± 4.5°, respectively) better than the Staffee plate system (0°± 1.6°), However, the AO device provided poorest restoration of the posterior vertebral body height (92% vs 96% for the RF device and 93% for the Steffee plate), The RF device, which restored both lordosis and posterior vertebral body height to the near anatomic prefracture level, provided significantly better canal clearance (S% ± 9%) than the other techniques, Pcd.05. The study demonstrates, that instrumentation systems that provide independent correction of distraction and lordosis can best restore anatomic alignment, with indirect neurodecompression of the compromised spinal canal. Training and experience with devices offering variable correction of distraction and lordosis is needed to realize the capability of each system in the treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-203
Number of pages9
JournalSpine
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1993

Keywords

  • Anatomical reduction
  • Burst fracture
  • Distraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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