Measuring total corneal power before and after laser in situ keratomileusis with high-speed optical coherence tomography

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Abstract

Purpose: To measure total corneal power using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Setting: Refractive surgery practices at 2 academic eye centers in Cleveland, Ohio, and Los Angeles, California, USA. Methods: Thirty-two eyes of 17 patients having myopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) were enrolled in a prospective observational study. Manifest refraction, OCT, and Placido ring corneal topography with the Atlas 995 (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc.) were performed preoperatively and 3 months after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). A high-speed (2000 axial scans/second) corneal and anterior segment OCT prototype was used. The total corneal power was calculated by summation of the anterior and posterior surface powers, and the value was compared with that determined by simulated keratometry. Two methods of measuring total corneal power were tested: the direct method, which used OCT to measure both corneal surfaces directly, and the hybrid method, which combined OCT with anterior corneal topography. Results: The repeatability (pooled standard deviation) of measuring total corneal power using the hybrid method was 3 times better than that using the direct method. It was 0.23 diopter (D) before LASIK and 0.26 D after LASIK. Preoperative total power was 1.13 D (2.6%) lower than the simulated keratometry. Compared to the LASIK-induced change in spherical equivalent refraction, the change in total corneal power was equivalent, while the change in simulated keratometry power was significantly smaller (-18.8%) (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1843-1850
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Volume32
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Laser In Situ Keratomileusis
Optical Coherence Tomography
Corneal Topography
Refractive Surgical Procedures
Los Angeles
Atlases
Observational Studies
Prospective Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

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title = "Measuring total corneal power before and after laser in situ keratomileusis with high-speed optical coherence tomography",
abstract = "Purpose: To measure total corneal power using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Setting: Refractive surgery practices at 2 academic eye centers in Cleveland, Ohio, and Los Angeles, California, USA. Methods: Thirty-two eyes of 17 patients having myopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) were enrolled in a prospective observational study. Manifest refraction, OCT, and Placido ring corneal topography with the Atlas 995 (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc.) were performed preoperatively and 3 months after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). A high-speed (2000 axial scans/second) corneal and anterior segment OCT prototype was used. The total corneal power was calculated by summation of the anterior and posterior surface powers, and the value was compared with that determined by simulated keratometry. Two methods of measuring total corneal power were tested: the direct method, which used OCT to measure both corneal surfaces directly, and the hybrid method, which combined OCT with anterior corneal topography. Results: The repeatability (pooled standard deviation) of measuring total corneal power using the hybrid method was 3 times better than that using the direct method. It was 0.23 diopter (D) before LASIK and 0.26 D after LASIK. Preoperative total power was 1.13 D (2.6{\%}) lower than the simulated keratometry. Compared to the LASIK-induced change in spherical equivalent refraction, the change in total corneal power was equivalent, while the change in simulated keratometry power was significantly smaller (-18.8{\%}) (P",
author = "Maolong Tang and Yan Li and Mariana Avila and David Huang",
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N2 - Purpose: To measure total corneal power using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Setting: Refractive surgery practices at 2 academic eye centers in Cleveland, Ohio, and Los Angeles, California, USA. Methods: Thirty-two eyes of 17 patients having myopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) were enrolled in a prospective observational study. Manifest refraction, OCT, and Placido ring corneal topography with the Atlas 995 (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc.) were performed preoperatively and 3 months after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). A high-speed (2000 axial scans/second) corneal and anterior segment OCT prototype was used. The total corneal power was calculated by summation of the anterior and posterior surface powers, and the value was compared with that determined by simulated keratometry. Two methods of measuring total corneal power were tested: the direct method, which used OCT to measure both corneal surfaces directly, and the hybrid method, which combined OCT with anterior corneal topography. Results: The repeatability (pooled standard deviation) of measuring total corneal power using the hybrid method was 3 times better than that using the direct method. It was 0.23 diopter (D) before LASIK and 0.26 D after LASIK. Preoperative total power was 1.13 D (2.6%) lower than the simulated keratometry. Compared to the LASIK-induced change in spherical equivalent refraction, the change in total corneal power was equivalent, while the change in simulated keratometry power was significantly smaller (-18.8%) (P

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