Measuring idiosyncratic interests in children with autism

Masoud Rouhizadeh, Emily Prud'Hommeaux, Jan Van Santen, Richard Sproat

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A defining symptom of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the presence of re-stricted and repetitive activities and inter-ests, which can surface in language as a perseverative focus on idiosyncratic top-ics. In this paper, we use semantic similarity measures to identify such idiosyn-cratic topics in narratives produced by children with and without ASD. We find that neurotypical children tend to use the same words and semantic concepts when retelling the same narrative, while chil-dren with ASD, even when producing ac-curate retellings, use different words and concepts relative not only to neurotypical children but also to other children with ASD. Our results indicate that children with ASD not only stray from the target topic but do so in idiosyncratic ways ac-cording to their own restricted interests.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationACL-IJCNLP 2015 - 53rd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and the 7th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing of the Asian Federation of Natural Language Processing, Proceedings of the Conference
PublisherAssociation for Computational Linguistics (ACL)
Pages212-217
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781941643730
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
Event53rd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and the 7th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing of the Asian Federation of Natural Language Processing, ACL-IJCNLP 2015 - Beijing, China
Duration: Jul 26 2015Jul 31 2015

Publication series

NameACL-IJCNLP 2015 - 53rd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and the 7th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing of the Asian Federation of Natural Language Processing, Proceedings of the Conference
Volume2

Other

Other53rd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and the 7th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing of the Asian Federation of Natural Language Processing, ACL-IJCNLP 2015
CountryChina
CityBeijing
Period7/26/157/31/15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Software
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

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