Measurements of functional outcomes in children with cerebral palsy

Michael E. Msall, Brian T. Rogers, Heather Ripstein, Nancy Lyon, Felicia Wilczenski

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


This review describes functional measures applicable to children, adolescents, and young adults with cerebral palsy. The World Health Organization (WHO) and National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research (NCMRR) Models of Impairment, Functional Limitations, Disability, Social Limitations, and Handicap as applied to persons with cerebral palsy are discussed. Motor measurements of impairment include developmental postural control, gross motor function and motor performance rates, and various classifications of cerebral palsy severity. Measures of functional skills in daily living include the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI), Pediatric Functional Independence Measure (WeeFIM), Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (VABS), Scales of Independent Behavior (SIB), and Battelle Developmental Inventory. Measures of handicap include family stressors, extended activities of daily living, and healthrelated quality-of-life. If the promise of legislative policies and family-centered support programs are to be realized, research is required to evaluate the functional effects of developmental therapies, assistive technologies, neuropharmacology, surgical interventions, and educational curricula.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)194-203
Number of pages10
JournalMental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997


  • Cerebral palsy
  • Functional assessment
  • Measurement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Genetics(clinical)


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