MDA-7 results in downregulation of AKT concomitant with apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in breast cancer cells

V. Valero, H. Wingate, S. Chada, Y. Liu, F. Palalon, G. Mills, K. Keyomarsi, K. K. Hunt

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    8 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The melanoma differentiation-associated gene-7 (mda-7) is a known mediator of apoptosis in cancer cells but not in normal cells. We hypothesized that MDA-7 interferes with the prosurvival signaling pathways that are commonly altered in cancer cells to induce growth arrest and apoptosis. We also identified the cell signaling pathways that are antagonized by MDA-7 leading to apoptosis. Using an adenoviral expression system, mda-7 was introduced into the breast cancer cell lines SKBr3, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-468, each with a different estrogen receptor (ER) and HER-2 receptor status. Downstream targets of MDA-7 were assessed by reverse phase protein array analysis, western blot analysis and immunofluorescence confocal microscopy. Our results show that MDA-7-induced apoptosis was mediated by caspases in all cell lines tested. However, MDA-7 modulates additional pathways in SKBr3 (HER-2 positive) and MCF-7 (ER positive) cells including downregulation of AKT-GSK3Β and upregulation of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors in the nucleus. This leads to cell cycle arrest in addition to apoptosis. In conclusion, MDA-7 abrogates tumor-promoting pathways including the activation of caspase-dependent signaling pathways ultimately leading to apoptosis. In addition, depending on the phenotype of the breast cancer cell, MDA-7 modulates cell cycle regulating pathways to mediate cell cycle arrest.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)510-519
    Number of pages10
    JournalCancer Gene Therapy
    Volume18
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 1 2011

    Keywords

    • IL-24
    • MDA-7
    • breast cancer and AKT

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Molecular Medicine
    • Molecular Biology
    • Cancer Research

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