Maturation of synaptic transmission at end-bulb synapses of the cochlear nucleus

S. Brenowitz, L. O. Trussell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

100 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neurons of the avian nucleus magnocellularis transmit phase-locked action potentials of the auditory nerve in a pathway that contributes to sound localization based on interaural timing differences. We studied developmental changes in synaptic transmission that enable the end-bulb synapse to function as a synaptic relay. In chick, although the auditory system begins to function early in embryonic development, maturation of audition around the time of hatching suggested that synaptic transmission in the cochlear nucleus of young chicks may undergo further developmental changes. Synaptic physiology was investigated via patch-clamp recordings from bushy cells in brainstem slices during stimulation of auditory nerve fibers at 35°C. Compared with embryonic synapses (embryonic day 18), post-hatch chicks (post-hatch days 1 -11) exhibited high probability of firing a well timed postsynaptic action potential during high-frequency stimulation of the auditory nerve. Improvements in reliability and timing of postsynaptic spikes were accompanied by a developmental increase in steady-state EPSCs during stimulus trains and a decline in the extent of synaptic depression. Synchrony of EPSCs during stimulus trains improved with age. An increased pool of synaptic vesicles, lower release probability, larger and faster transmitter quanta, and reduced AMPA receptor desensitization contributed to these changes. Together, these factors improve the ability of cochlear nucleus magnocellularis neurons to faithfully transmit timing information encoded by the auditory nerve.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9487-9498
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume21
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2001

Keywords

  • AMPA receptors
  • Auditory
  • Cochlear nucleus
  • Development
  • End-bulb synapse
  • Short-term depression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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