Mass-Spectrometry-Based Method to Quantify in Parallel Tau and Amyloid β 1-42 in CSF for the Diagnosis of Alzheimer's Disease

Gwënaël Pottiez, Li Yang, Tessandra Stewart, Ning Song, Patrick Aro, Douglas R. Galasko, Joseph Quinn, Elaine R. Peskind, Min Shi, Jing Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common form of dementia, afflicts about 50 million people worldwide. Currently, AD diagnosis is primarily based on psychological evaluation and can only be confirmed post-mortem. Reliable and objective biomarkers for prognosis and diagnosis have been sought for years. Together, tau and amyloid β 1-42 (Aβ42) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) have been shown to provide good diagnostic sensitivity and specificity. Additionally, phosphorylated forms of tau, such as tau pS181, have also shown promising results. However, the measurement of such markers currently relies on antibody-based immunoassays that have shown variability, leading to discrepant results across laboratories. To date, mass spectrometry methods developed to evaluate CSF tau and Aβ42 are not compatible. We present in this article the development of a mass-spectrometry-based method of quantification for CSF tau and Aβ42 in parallel. The absolute concentrations of tau and Aβ42 we measured are on average 50 ng/mL (7-130 ng/mL) and 7.1 ng/mL (3-13 ng/mL), respectively. Analyses of CSF tau and Aβ42, in a cohort of patients with AD, mild cognitive impairment, and healthy controls (30 subjects), provide significant group differences evaluated with ROC curves (AUC(control-AD) and AUC(control-MCI) = 1, AUC(MCI-AD) = 0.76), with at least equivalent diagnostic utility to immunoassay measurements in the same sample set. Finally, a significant and negative correlation was found between the tau and Aβ peptides ratio and the disease severity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1228-1238
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Proteome Research
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 3 2017

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • amyloid β
  • biomarker
  • cerebrospinal fluid
  • diagnosis
  • mass spectrometry
  • SRM
  • tau

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry

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