Marriage and parenthood in relation to obesogenic neighborhood trajectories: The CARDIA study

Janne Heinonen, Annie Green Howard, Katie Meyer, Cora E. Lewis, Catarina I. Kiefe, Helena H. Laroche, Erica P. Gunderson, Penny Gordon-Larsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Marriage and parenthood are associated with weight gain and residential mobility. Little is known about how obesity-relevant environmental contexts differ according to family structure. We estimated trajectories of neighborhood poverty, population density, and density of fast food restaurants, supermarkets, and commercial and public physical activity facilities for adults from a biracial cohort (CARDIA, n=4,174, aged 25-50) over 13 years (1992-93 through 2005-06) using latent growth curve analysis. We estimated associations of marriage, parenthood, and race with the observed neighborhood trajectories. Married participants tended to live in neighborhoods with lower poverty, population density, and availability of all types of food and physical activity amenities. Parenthood was similarly but less consistently related to neighborhood characteristics. Marriage and parenthood were more strongly related to neighborhood trajectories in whites (versus blacks), who, in prior studies, exhibit weaker associations between neighborhood characteristics and health. Greater understanding of how interactive family and neighborhood environments contribute to healthy living is needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-240
Number of pages12
JournalHealth and Place
Volume34
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

Fingerprint

parenthood
marriage
Marriage
trajectory
physical activity
Poverty
population density
Population Density
poverty
Exercise
food
Fast Foods
residential mobility
family structure
Restaurants
obesity
growth curve
Population Dynamics
amenity
Weight Gain

Keywords

  • Built environment
  • Geographic information systems
  • Life course
  • Longitudinal study
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Heinonen, J., Howard, A. G., Meyer, K., Lewis, C. E., Kiefe, C. I., Laroche, H. H., ... Gordon-Larsen, P. (2015). Marriage and parenthood in relation to obesogenic neighborhood trajectories: The CARDIA study. Health and Place, 34, 229-240. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2015.05.005

Marriage and parenthood in relation to obesogenic neighborhood trajectories : The CARDIA study. / Heinonen, Janne; Howard, Annie Green; Meyer, Katie; Lewis, Cora E.; Kiefe, Catarina I.; Laroche, Helena H.; Gunderson, Erica P.; Gordon-Larsen, Penny.

In: Health and Place, Vol. 34, 01.07.2015, p. 229-240.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Heinonen, J, Howard, AG, Meyer, K, Lewis, CE, Kiefe, CI, Laroche, HH, Gunderson, EP & Gordon-Larsen, P 2015, 'Marriage and parenthood in relation to obesogenic neighborhood trajectories: The CARDIA study', Health and Place, vol. 34, pp. 229-240. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2015.05.005
Heinonen, Janne ; Howard, Annie Green ; Meyer, Katie ; Lewis, Cora E. ; Kiefe, Catarina I. ; Laroche, Helena H. ; Gunderson, Erica P. ; Gordon-Larsen, Penny. / Marriage and parenthood in relation to obesogenic neighborhood trajectories : The CARDIA study. In: Health and Place. 2015 ; Vol. 34. pp. 229-240.
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