MAPK pathway mutations in head and neck cancer affect immune microenvironments and ErbB3 signaling

Hoi Lam Ngan, Yuchen Liu, Andrew Yuon Fong, Peony Hiu Yan Poon, Chun Kit Yeung, Sharon Suet Man Chan, Alexandria Lau, Wenying Piao, Hui Li, Jessie Sze Wing Tse, Kwok Wai Lo, Sze Man Chan, Yu Xiong Su, Jason Ying Kuen Chan, Chin Wang Lau, Gordon B. Mills, Jennifer Rubin Grandis, Vivian Wai Yan Lui

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    MAPK pathway mutations affect one-fifth of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Unexpectedly, MAPK pathway aberrations are associated with remarkably long patient survival, even among patients with TP53 mutations (median ~14 yr). We explored underlying outcome-favoring mechanisms with omics followed by preclinical models. Strikingly, multiple hotspot and non-hotspot MAPK mutations (A/BRAF, HRAS, MAPK1, and MAP2K1/2) all abrogated ErbB3 activation, a well-established HNSCC progression signal. Inhibitor studies functionally defined ERK activity negatively regulating phospho-ErbB3 in MAPK-mutants. Furthermore, pan-pathway immunoprofiling investigations identified MAPK-mutant tumors as the only “CD8+ T-cell-inflamed” tumors inherently bearing high-immunoreactive, constitutive cytolytic tumor microenvironments. Immunocompetent MAPK-mutant HNSCC models displayed active cell death and massive CD8+ T-cell recruitment in situ. Consistent with CD8+ T-inflamed phenotypes, MAPK-mutant HNSCC patients, independent of tumor-mutational burden, survived 3.3-4 times longer than WT patients with anti-PD1/PD-L1 immunotherapies. Similar prognosticity was noted in pan-cancers. We uncovered clinical, signaling, and immunological uniqueness of MAPK-mutant HNSCC with potential biomarker utilities predicting favorable patient survival.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article numberLSA.201900545
    JournalLife science alliance
    Volume3
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 7 2020

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Ecology
    • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
    • Plant Science
    • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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