Manual rotation of the fetal occiput: Predictors of success and delivery

Brian L. Shaffer, Yvonne W. Cheng, Juan E. Vargas, Russell K. Laros, Aaron B. Caughey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of the study was to define predictors of successful rotation and rate of cesarean delivery after manual rotation of the fetal occiput from occiput posterior or transverse position. Study design: A retrospective cohort study comprised patients who underwent a trial of manual rotation of the fetal occiput from occiput posterior or occiput transverse position. Successful rotation was defined as delivery in the occiput anterior position. We examined maternal, fetal, and labor characteristics as predictors of both fetal position at delivery and cesarean delivery. Results: Multiparity (odds ratio, 2.5; 95% CI, 1.5-3.8) and maternal age <35 years (odds ratio, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.1-3.4) were associated with successful manual rotation of the fetal occiput. After successful rotation, the cesarean delivery rate was 2%, compared with 34% if the rotation failed (P < .001). Asian ethnicity, nulliparity, age >35 years, labor induction, and epidural usage were associated with higher rates of cesarean delivery. Conclusion: After successful manual rotation of the fetal occiput, women had lower cesarean delivery rates than women with unsuccessful rotations. Multiparity and maternal age of <35 years were associated with more successful rotations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e7-e9
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volume194
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cesarean delivery
  • Manual rotation
  • Occiput posterior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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