Management of biliary tract stones in heart transplant patients

Kresimira Milas, Richard R. Ricketts, J. Richard Amerson, Kirk Kanter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The authors report their experience with biliary tract stones in adult and pediatric heart transplant patients, and review the current literature relative to this problem. Summary Background Data: Prior studies in adults have noted that heart transplant patients frequently have cholelithiasis, but offer no consensus about treatment strategy. Few studies exist for pediatric head transplant patients. A higher rate of hemolysis and cyclosporine-induced changes in bile metabolism may contribute to lithogenesis in this population. Methods: A chart review was conducted for 211 patients who had heart transplants between January 1988 and September 1994 to determine prevalence of biliary tract stones, management strategies used, and outcome. Results: Of 175 long-term heart transplant survivors, 52 (29.7%) had stones detected: 32.8% of adults (47/143) and 15.6% of children (5/32). The majority of patients (31) were diagnosed 4 months (mean) after transplantation; cholelithiasis developed in 10 at these patients (32%) within 11 months (median) after a negative ultrasound. Symptoms developed in 45% of patients. All patients underwent either elective (36) or urgent (6) cholecystectomy via an open (32) or laparoscopic (10) approach, or endoscopy for common bile duct stones (2). There were no deaths or complications during a follow-up period of up to 7 years. Conclusion: Heart transplant patients have a high prevalence of symptomatic biliary tract stone disease. They can be treated safely via an open or laparoscopic approach after transplantation. The authors recommend routine gallbladder ultrasound screening and elective cholecystectomy in the post transplant period if stones are detected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)747-756
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of Surgery
Volume223
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

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Biliary Tract
Transplants
Cholelithiasis
Cholecystectomy
Transplantation
Pediatrics
Biliary Tract Diseases
Common Bile Duct
Hemolysis
Gallbladder
Bile
Cyclosporine
Endoscopy
Survivors
Head

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Milas, K., Ricketts, R. R., Richard Amerson, J., & Kanter, K. (1996). Management of biliary tract stones in heart transplant patients. Annals of Surgery, 223(6), 747-756. https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-199606000-00013

Management of biliary tract stones in heart transplant patients. / Milas, Kresimira; Ricketts, Richard R.; Richard Amerson, J.; Kanter, Kirk.

In: Annals of Surgery, Vol. 223, No. 6, 1996, p. 747-756.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Milas, K, Ricketts, RR, Richard Amerson, J & Kanter, K 1996, 'Management of biliary tract stones in heart transplant patients', Annals of Surgery, vol. 223, no. 6, pp. 747-756. https://doi.org/10.1097/00000658-199606000-00013
Milas, Kresimira ; Ricketts, Richard R. ; Richard Amerson, J. ; Kanter, Kirk. / Management of biliary tract stones in heart transplant patients. In: Annals of Surgery. 1996 ; Vol. 223, No. 6. pp. 747-756.
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