Enzalutamide, a novel, oral androgen receptor antagonist used for the treatment of metastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer, has been shown to improve overall and progression-free survival, prolong time to initiation of chemotherapy, reduce skeletal-related events, and carry a favorable adverse effect profile. Metastatic prostate cancer is a disease of older men, a population with an increased incidence of medical comorbidities warranting anticoagulation. Prostate cancer itself, along with some of its therapies, is also prothrombotic. Enzalutamide interacts with several anticoagulants through various mechanisms, making their concurrent use clinically challenging. As such, complex decisions about anticoagulation in these patients are frequently encountered by treating physicians. In this review, we describe the potential interactions between enzalutamide and various anticoagulants, and suggest management paradigms based on the current body of knowledge for patients with atrial fibrillation, venous thromboembolism, and mechanical heart valves.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Policy