Using gene targeting in embryonic stem cells, we have derived mice with a null mutation in a DNA mismatch repair gene homolog, PMS2. We observed microsatellite instability in the male germline, in tail, and in tumor DNA of PMS2-deficient animals. We therefore conclude that PMS2 is involved in DNA mismatch repair in a variety of tissues. PMS2-deficient animals appear prone to sarcomas and lymphomas. PMS2-deficient males are infertile, producing only abnormal spermatozoa. Analysis of axial element and synaptonemal complex formation during prophase of meiosis I indicates abnormalities in chromosome synapsis. These observations suggest links among mismatch repair, genetic recombination, and chromosome synapsis in meiosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)