Male human papillomavirus prevalence and association with condom use in Brazil, Mexico, and the United States

Kimberly K. Repp, Carrie Nielson, Rongwei (Rochelle) Fu, Sean Schafer, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Jorge Salmerón, Manuel Quiterio, Luisa L. Villa, Anna R. Giuliano

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29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Reported associations of condom use and human papillomavirus (HPV) infection have been inconsistent. We investigated self-reported frequency of condom use and detection of genital HPV among men. Methods. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted in men aged 18-70 years from Brazil, Mexico, and the United States. Men completed questionnaires on sexual history, condom use, and sociodemographic characteristics. Among 2621 men reporting recent vaginal sex, prevalence of any HPV, any oncogenic type, and nononcogenic types only was estimated by frequency of condom use ("always" or "not always"). Multivariable models were used to estimate prevalence ratios (PRs) for HPV according to frequency of condom use. Results. The prevalence of any HPV was 70.5%; any oncogenic type, 34%, and nononcogenic types only, 22.2%. The adjusted PR for always vs not always using condoms was 0.87 (95% confidence interval [CI],. 77-.97) for all countries combined. The association was stronger in the United States (PR, 0.70; CI,. 55-.90) than in Brazil (PR, 0.84; CI,. 71-1.01) or Mexico (PR, 1.05; CI,. 89-1.25) (P for interaction =. 025). Conclusions. HPV prevalence was high even among those who reported always using condoms, and its associations with always using condoms varied among countries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1287-1293
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume205
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2012

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Condoms
Mexico
Brazil
Confidence Intervals
Papillomavirus Infections
Cross-Sectional Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology and Allergy

Cite this

Male human papillomavirus prevalence and association with condom use in Brazil, Mexico, and the United States. / Repp, Kimberly K.; Nielson, Carrie; Fu, Rongwei (Rochelle); Schafer, Sean; Lazcano-Ponce, Eduardo; Salmerón, Jorge; Quiterio, Manuel; Villa, Luisa L.; Giuliano, Anna R.

In: Journal of Infectious Diseases, Vol. 205, No. 8, 15.04.2012, p. 1287-1293.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Repp, KK, Nielson, C, Fu, RR, Schafer, S, Lazcano-Ponce, E, Salmerón, J, Quiterio, M, Villa, LL & Giuliano, AR 2012, 'Male human papillomavirus prevalence and association with condom use in Brazil, Mexico, and the United States', Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 205, no. 8, pp. 1287-1293. https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jis181
Repp, Kimberly K. ; Nielson, Carrie ; Fu, Rongwei (Rochelle) ; Schafer, Sean ; Lazcano-Ponce, Eduardo ; Salmerón, Jorge ; Quiterio, Manuel ; Villa, Luisa L. ; Giuliano, Anna R. / Male human papillomavirus prevalence and association with condom use in Brazil, Mexico, and the United States. In: Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2012 ; Vol. 205, No. 8. pp. 1287-1293.
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AU - Lazcano-Ponce, Eduardo

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N2 - Background. Reported associations of condom use and human papillomavirus (HPV) infection have been inconsistent. We investigated self-reported frequency of condom use and detection of genital HPV among men. Methods. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted in men aged 18-70 years from Brazil, Mexico, and the United States. Men completed questionnaires on sexual history, condom use, and sociodemographic characteristics. Among 2621 men reporting recent vaginal sex, prevalence of any HPV, any oncogenic type, and nononcogenic types only was estimated by frequency of condom use ("always" or "not always"). Multivariable models were used to estimate prevalence ratios (PRs) for HPV according to frequency of condom use. Results. The prevalence of any HPV was 70.5%; any oncogenic type, 34%, and nononcogenic types only, 22.2%. The adjusted PR for always vs not always using condoms was 0.87 (95% confidence interval [CI],. 77-.97) for all countries combined. The association was stronger in the United States (PR, 0.70; CI,. 55-.90) than in Brazil (PR, 0.84; CI,. 71-1.01) or Mexico (PR, 1.05; CI,. 89-1.25) (P for interaction =. 025). Conclusions. HPV prevalence was high even among those who reported always using condoms, and its associations with always using condoms varied among countries.

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