Male Body Esteem and Physical Measurements: Do Leaner, or Stronger, High School Football Players Have a More Positive Body Image?

David P. MacKinnon, Linn Goldberg, Jee Won Cheong, Diane Elliot, Greg Clarke, Esther Moe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations


This research examined the relationships among body attributes (i.e., body fat percent and bench press performance) and psychological esteem (i.e., perceived athletic competence, body image, and general self-esteem) in high school football players. Structural equation modeling was used to model the relationships among the constructs. Body fat was negatively related to athletic competence and body image, which in turn were positively related to general self-esteem. The role of bench press performance in predicting psychological esteem was inconsistent, however, suggesting that leanness may be more important than body strength for adolescent psychological esteem among high school football players.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-322
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003



  • Body composition
  • Male athletes
  • Self-esteem

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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