Macula Society Collaborative Retrospective Study of Ocriplasmin for Symptomatic Vitreomacular Adhesion

on behalf of the, Macula Society Ocriplasmin for Vitreomacular Traction Study Group, Macula Society Ocriplasmin for Vitreomacular Traction Study Group

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose To assess anatomic and visual outcomes of ocriplasmin use for symptomatic vitreomacular adhesion (VMA). Design Retrospective chart review. Methods Macula Society members were surveyed online to collect data on ocriplasmin for symptomatic VMA. Clinical and optical coherence tomography data were collected using standardized data entry forms. Results There were 208 patients (208 eyes) with symptomatic VMA followed at least 3 weeks after receiving ocriplasmin. At baseline, VMA was focal (<1500 μm) in 179 eyes (86%), broad in 9 eyes (4%), and not reported in 20 eyes (10%). A full-thickness macular hole (MH) was present in 75 eyes (36%); size was <400 μm in 62 eyes (82%). Baseline mean visual acuity was approximately 20/63. Of the 204 eyes with ≥12 weeks follow-up, pars plana vitrectomy (PPVx) was performed in 12 (6%) by 4 weeks, 31 (15%) by 12 weeks, and 64 (31%) by the last visit. VMA had resolved by 12 weeks with ocriplasmin alone in 83 of 191 eyes (43%) by week 12 and in 148 of 200 eyes (74%) by the last visit, including eyes undergoing PPVx. Among eyes with a baseline MH, closure was achieved with ocriplasmin alone in 10 of 65 (15%) by 1 week, 26 of 74 (35%) by 4 weeks, and 30 of 75 (40%) at the last visit. Mean change in visual acuity at the last visit compared with baseline was −0.06±0.40 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) (modest vision improvement) (P = 0.03). At the last visit, visual acuity improved by ≥2 lines in 69 eyes (35%) and by ≥3 lines in 54 eyes (27%). Visual acuity decreased ≥2 lines in 35 eyes (18%) and by 3 lines in 27 eyes (14%) at the final visit. Complications included photopsias (15%), dimness of vision (14%), decreased color vision (10%), MH development (5%), macular retinal pigment epithelium atrophy (2.7%), retinal detachment (1.9%), and retinal tear (1.4%). No endophthalmitis cases were reported. Conclusions Physician-reported outcomes on ocriplasmin use confirmed VMA release in 45% and closure of MH in 40% of eyes without PPVx. Visual acuity decreased in approximately 20% of eyes. Adverse events were not infrequent and suggest caution when considering ocriplasmin use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)413-420
Number of pages8
JournalOphthalmology Retina
Volume1
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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