Lymphocytic colitis is a subtype of microscopic colitis that is mostly seen in adults. It presents mainly as chronic nonbloody diarrhea, with the hallmark of normal or near-normal endoscopy. In this case series, we are presenting 4 pediatric patients with lymphocytic colitis with prominent apoptosis of the colonic gland epithelium. Remarkably, all the patients have genetic mutations known to be associated with autoimmune enteropathy. Three patients have a CTLA4 mutation, and 1 patient has an STAT3 mutation. These mutations were previously reported in association with inflammatory bowel disease, but a specific connection with lymphocytic colitis has not been described. This report investigates the histopathology of such lesions in children and adolescents.
- apoptotic colopathy
- lymphocytic colitis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine