Background. Patients with Down syndrome (DS) and standard risk (SR) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL-DS) are reported to have inferior event free (EFS) and overall survival (OS) compared to patients without DS (ALL-NDS). Procedure. We compared the prevalence of favorable and unfavorable clinical and biologic features, toxicity and outcome within the ALL-DS and ALL-NDS cohorts of 2,174 eligible patients with SR-ALL enrolled on CCG-1952. Results. Fifty-nine patients (3%) had ALL-DS. DS patients were less likely to have either favorable (hyperdiploidy, triple trisomy of chromosomes 4, 10, and 17, TEL-AML1 rearrangement) or unfavorable (T-cell ALL, hypodiploidy, adverse translocations) biologic features. Toxicity occurred significantly more often and number of days hospitalized was significantly greater in ALL-DS than in ALL-NDS. ALL-DS patients had an inferior 4-year EFS compared to the NDS cohort. However, EFS was equivalent when the comparison excluded ALL-NDS with favorable biologic features. OS was significantly inferior for ALL-DS. Conclusions. The absence of favorable biologic features within ALL-DS contributes to the difference in EFS previously observed between DS and NDS SR-ALL cohorts.
- Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
- Down syndrome
- Prognostic features
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health