LXIII Cold Spring Harbor Symposium on Quantitative Biology

Mechanisms of Transcription, 3-8 June 1998

Beverly Emerson, R. Bagga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A new perspective is emerging in the transcription field towards understanding gene regulation not only at its most fundamental level but also in the context of chromatin, nuclear compartmentalization, and physiological processes. This direction is being fueled by several key observations. Among them is the discovery of multi-protein complexes whose components reveal a link between gene activity, nuclear structure, and cellular signaling pathways. This information will no doubt be extended by identifying expanded regulatory circuitry using the microchip oligonucleotide array technology. In addition to elucidating the regulatory consequences of these intricate connections, another frontier will be to analyze gene expression within chromosomes. This requires deciphering the mechanism of action of a variety of DNA elements that create a genetic domain such as locus control regions, distal enhancers, insulators, silencers, and matrix attachment regions. Hopefully, with the development of new assays these elements can be as rigorously defined as promoters have been. We can also look forward to capturing critical transcriptional processes by increasingly refined structural analyses. Thus, the scope of problems being addressed in gene regulation has been greatly expanded and the opportunity exists to answer very sophisticated questions in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Reviews on Cancer
Volume1423
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 29 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Matrix Attachment Regions
Locus Control Region
Physiological Phenomena
Genes
Cellular Structures
Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
Chromatin
Chromosomes
Technology
Gene Expression
DNA
Proteins
Direction compound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

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abstract = "A new perspective is emerging in the transcription field towards understanding gene regulation not only at its most fundamental level but also in the context of chromatin, nuclear compartmentalization, and physiological processes. This direction is being fueled by several key observations. Among them is the discovery of multi-protein complexes whose components reveal a link between gene activity, nuclear structure, and cellular signaling pathways. This information will no doubt be extended by identifying expanded regulatory circuitry using the microchip oligonucleotide array technology. In addition to elucidating the regulatory consequences of these intricate connections, another frontier will be to analyze gene expression within chromosomes. This requires deciphering the mechanism of action of a variety of DNA elements that create a genetic domain such as locus control regions, distal enhancers, insulators, silencers, and matrix attachment regions. Hopefully, with the development of new assays these elements can be as rigorously defined as promoters have been. We can also look forward to capturing critical transcriptional processes by increasingly refined structural analyses. Thus, the scope of problems being addressed in gene regulation has been greatly expanded and the opportunity exists to answer very sophisticated questions in the future.",
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