Lower Levels of Antiretroviral Therapy Enrollment Among Men with HIV Compared with Women - 12 Countries, 2002-2013

Andrew F. Auld, Ray W. Shiraishi, Francisco Mbofana, Aleny Couto, Ernest B enny Fetogang, Shenaaz El-Halabi, Refeletswe Lebelonyane, Pilatwe T lhagiso Pilatwe, Ndapewa Hamunime, Velephi Okello, Tsitsi Mutasa-Apollo, Owen Mugurungi, Joseph Murungu, Janet Dzangare, Gideon Kwesigabo, Fred Wabwire-Mangen, Modest Mulenga, Sebastian Hachizovu, Virginie Ettiegne-Traore, Fayama Mohamed & 31 others Adebobola Bashorun, Do T hi Nhan, Nguyen H uu Hai, Tran H uu Quang, Joelle D eas Van Onacker, Kesner Francois, Ermane G. Robin, Gracia Desforges, Mansour Farahani, Harrison Kamiru, Harriet Nuwagaba-Biribonwoha, Peter Ehrenkranz, Julie A. Denison, Olivier Koole, Sharon Tsui, Kwasi Torpey, Ya D iul Mukadi, Eric van Praag, Joris Menten, Timothy D. Mastro, Carol D ukes Hamilton, Oseni O momo Abiri, Mark Griswold, Edna Pierre, Carla Xavier, Charity Alfredo, Kebba Jobarteh, Mpho Letebele, Simon Agolory, David Bangsberg, MSAE

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Equitable access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) for men and women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a principle endorsed by most countries and funding bodies, including the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) Relief (PEPFAR) (1). To evaluate gender equity in ART access among adults (defined for this report as persons aged ≥15 years), 765,087 adult ART patient medical records from 12 countries in five geographic regions* were analyzed to estimate the ratio of women to men among new ART enrollees for each calendar year during 2002-2013. This annual ratio was compared with estimates from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)(†) of the ratio of HIV-infected adult women to men in the general population. In all 10 African countries and Haiti, the most recent estimates of the ratio of adult women to men among new ART enrollees significantly exceeded the UNAIDS estimates for the female-to-male ratio among HIV-infected adults by 23%-83%. In six African countries and Haiti, the ratio of women to men among new adult ART enrollees increased more sharply over time than the estimated UNAIDS female-to-male ratio among adults with HIV in the general population. Increased ART coverage among men is needed to decrease their morbidity and mortality and to reduce HIV incidence among their sexual partners. Reaching more men with HIV testing and linkage-to-care services and adoption of test-and-treat ART eligibility guidelines (i.e., regular testing of adults, and offering treatment to all infected persons with ART, regardless of CD4 cell test results) could reduce gender inequity in ART coverage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1281-1286
Number of pages6
JournalMMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report
Volume64
Issue number46
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 27 2015
Externally publishedYes

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HIV
Therapeutics
Haiti
coverage
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
human being
gender
United Nations
Sexual Partners
Virus Diseases
morbidity
UNO
Population
Medical Records
equity
president
incidence
mortality
funding
Emergencies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Health(social science)
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Health Information Management

Cite this

Auld, A. F., Shiraishi, R. W., Mbofana, F., Couto, A., Fetogang, E. B. E., El-Halabi, S., ... MSAE (2015). Lower Levels of Antiretroviral Therapy Enrollment Among Men with HIV Compared with Women - 12 Countries, 2002-2013. MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report, 64(46), 1281-1286. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6446a2

Lower Levels of Antiretroviral Therapy Enrollment Among Men with HIV Compared with Women - 12 Countries, 2002-2013. / Auld, Andrew F.; Shiraishi, Ray W.; Mbofana, Francisco; Couto, Aleny; Fetogang, Ernest B enny; El-Halabi, Shenaaz; Lebelonyane, Refeletswe; Pilatwe, Pilatwe T lhagiso; Hamunime, Ndapewa; Okello, Velephi; Mutasa-Apollo, Tsitsi; Mugurungi, Owen; Murungu, Joseph; Dzangare, Janet; Kwesigabo, Gideon; Wabwire-Mangen, Fred; Mulenga, Modest; Hachizovu, Sebastian; Ettiegne-Traore, Virginie; Mohamed, Fayama; Bashorun, Adebobola; Nhan, Do T hi; Hai, Nguyen H uu; Quang, Tran H uu; Van Onacker, Joelle D eas; Francois, Kesner; Robin, Ermane G.; Desforges, Gracia; Farahani, Mansour; Kamiru, Harrison; Nuwagaba-Biribonwoha, Harriet; Ehrenkranz, Peter; Denison, Julie A.; Koole, Olivier; Tsui, Sharon; Torpey, Kwasi; Mukadi, Ya D iul; van Praag, Eric; Menten, Joris; Mastro, Timothy D.; Hamilton, Carol D ukes; Abiri, Oseni O momo; Griswold, Mark; Pierre, Edna; Xavier, Carla; Alfredo, Charity; Jobarteh, Kebba; Letebele, Mpho; Agolory, Simon; Bangsberg, David; MSAE.

In: MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report, Vol. 64, No. 46, 27.11.2015, p. 1281-1286.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Auld, AF, Shiraishi, RW, Mbofana, F, Couto, A, Fetogang, EBE, El-Halabi, S, Lebelonyane, R, Pilatwe, PTL, Hamunime, N, Okello, V, Mutasa-Apollo, T, Mugurungi, O, Murungu, J, Dzangare, J, Kwesigabo, G, Wabwire-Mangen, F, Mulenga, M, Hachizovu, S, Ettiegne-Traore, V, Mohamed, F, Bashorun, A, Nhan, DTH, Hai, NHU, Quang, THU, Van Onacker, JDE, Francois, K, Robin, EG, Desforges, G, Farahani, M, Kamiru, H, Nuwagaba-Biribonwoha, H, Ehrenkranz, P, Denison, JA, Koole, O, Tsui, S, Torpey, K, Mukadi, YDI, van Praag, E, Menten, J, Mastro, TD, Hamilton, CDU, Abiri, OOM, Griswold, M, Pierre, E, Xavier, C, Alfredo, C, Jobarteh, K, Letebele, M, Agolory, S, Bangsberg, D & MSAE 2015, 'Lower Levels of Antiretroviral Therapy Enrollment Among Men with HIV Compared with Women - 12 Countries, 2002-2013', MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report, vol. 64, no. 46, pp. 1281-1286. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6446a2
Auld, Andrew F. ; Shiraishi, Ray W. ; Mbofana, Francisco ; Couto, Aleny ; Fetogang, Ernest B enny ; El-Halabi, Shenaaz ; Lebelonyane, Refeletswe ; Pilatwe, Pilatwe T lhagiso ; Hamunime, Ndapewa ; Okello, Velephi ; Mutasa-Apollo, Tsitsi ; Mugurungi, Owen ; Murungu, Joseph ; Dzangare, Janet ; Kwesigabo, Gideon ; Wabwire-Mangen, Fred ; Mulenga, Modest ; Hachizovu, Sebastian ; Ettiegne-Traore, Virginie ; Mohamed, Fayama ; Bashorun, Adebobola ; Nhan, Do T hi ; Hai, Nguyen H uu ; Quang, Tran H uu ; Van Onacker, Joelle D eas ; Francois, Kesner ; Robin, Ermane G. ; Desforges, Gracia ; Farahani, Mansour ; Kamiru, Harrison ; Nuwagaba-Biribonwoha, Harriet ; Ehrenkranz, Peter ; Denison, Julie A. ; Koole, Olivier ; Tsui, Sharon ; Torpey, Kwasi ; Mukadi, Ya D iul ; van Praag, Eric ; Menten, Joris ; Mastro, Timothy D. ; Hamilton, Carol D ukes ; Abiri, Oseni O momo ; Griswold, Mark ; Pierre, Edna ; Xavier, Carla ; Alfredo, Charity ; Jobarteh, Kebba ; Letebele, Mpho ; Agolory, Simon ; Bangsberg, David ; MSAE. / Lower Levels of Antiretroviral Therapy Enrollment Among Men with HIV Compared with Women - 12 Countries, 2002-2013. In: MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report. 2015 ; Vol. 64, No. 46. pp. 1281-1286.
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