Low rate of secondary prevention ICDs in the general population: Multiple-year multiple-source surveillance of sudden cardiac death in the Oregon Sudden Unexpected Death Study

Rasmus Havmoeller, Kyndaron Reinier, Carmen Teodorescu, Audrey Uy-Evanado, Ronald Mariani, Karen Gunson, Jonathan Jui, Sumeet S. Chugh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sudden Cardiac Death. Introduction: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a large public health problem that warrants on-going evaluation in the general population. While single-year community-based studies have been performed there is a lack of studies that have extended evaluation to multiple years in the same community. Methods and Results: From the on-going Oregon Sudden Unexpected Death Study, we analyzed prospectively identified SCD cases in Multnomah County, Ore, (population ≈700,000) from February 1, 2002 to January 31, 2005. Detailed information ascertained from multiple sources (first responders, clinical records, and medical examiner) was analyzed. A total of 1,175 SCD cases were identified (61% male) with a mean age of 65 ± 18 years for men versus 70 ± 20 for women (P <0.001). The overall incidence rate for the period was 58/100,000 residents/year. One-quarter (24.6%) was ≤55 years of age. The most common initial rhythm was ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation (39% of cases, survival 27%) followed by asystole (36%, survival 0.7%) and pulseless electrical activity (23%, survival 6%). Among subjects that underwent resuscitation, the rate of survival to hospital discharge was 12% and overall survival to hospital discharge irrespective of resuscitation was 8%. Of the 68 survivors, 16 (24%) received a secondary prevention ICD. Conclusion: We report annualized SCD incidence from a multiple-year, multiple-source community-based study, with higher than expected rates of women and subjects age ≤55 years. The low implantation rate of secondary prevention ICDs is likely to be multifactorial, but there are potential implications for recalibration of the projected need for ICD implantation; larger and more detailed studies are warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-65
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2013

Fingerprint

Sudden Cardiac Death
Sudden Death
Secondary Prevention
Survival
Population
Resuscitation
Coroners and Medical Examiners
Incidence
Ventricular Fibrillation
Ventricular Tachycardia
Heart Arrest
Survivors
Survival Rate
Public Health

Keywords

  • cardiac arrest
  • cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • implantable cardioverter defibrillator
  • sudden cardiac death
  • ventricular fibrillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Low rate of secondary prevention ICDs in the general population : Multiple-year multiple-source surveillance of sudden cardiac death in the Oregon Sudden Unexpected Death Study. / Havmoeller, Rasmus; Reinier, Kyndaron; Teodorescu, Carmen; Uy-Evanado, Audrey; Mariani, Ronald; Gunson, Karen; Jui, Jonathan; Chugh, Sumeet S.

In: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology, Vol. 24, No. 1, 01.2013, p. 60-65.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Havmoeller, Rasmus ; Reinier, Kyndaron ; Teodorescu, Carmen ; Uy-Evanado, Audrey ; Mariani, Ronald ; Gunson, Karen ; Jui, Jonathan ; Chugh, Sumeet S. / Low rate of secondary prevention ICDs in the general population : Multiple-year multiple-source surveillance of sudden cardiac death in the Oregon Sudden Unexpected Death Study. In: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology. 2013 ; Vol. 24, No. 1. pp. 60-65.
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