Low-grade myxofibrosarcoma presenting at the site of prior high-grade disease

Justin P. Bandino, Scott A. Norton, Shelley L. Aldrich, Oliver Wisco, Darryl S. Hodson, Michael R. Murchland, Donald J. Grande

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Myxofibrosarcoma is one of the most common soft tissue sarcomas occurring in older adults. It can arise de novo or can be radiation induced, and the term myxofibrosarcoma was originally devised to encompass a spectrum of myxoid tumors with characteristics similar to malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH). Confusion exists, however, regarding the distinction between microscopic grade and characteristics of myxofibrosarcoma and MFH. Correct classification is vital to prognosis, as the degree of myxoid change is inversely related to the incidence of metastasis. We present a case of a 76-year-old man with a history of high-grade MFH of the left lower extremity, status post excision and radiation therapy, who presented 2 years later with a regional metastatic recurrence of high-grade MFH to the left groin as well as new nodules adjacent to and within his prior excision and radiation site. These new nodules were determined to represent low-grade myxofibrosarcoma. These new low-grade lesions either represent a low-grade recurrence of high-grade sarcoma or a new, radiation-induced soft tissue sarcoma occurring at the same site. Radiotherapy, however, is an unlikely cause; specific postradiation sarcoma criteria have not been fulfilled. This article discusses both the nosology and histopathological spectrum of these important soft tissue sarcomas, their aggressive and recurrent nature and their association with radiation therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)808-813
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cutaneous Pathology
Volume38
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma
Sarcoma
Radiotherapy
Radiation
Recurrence
Groin
Lower Extremity
Neoplasm Metastasis
Incidence
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • malignant fibrous histiocytoma
  • myxofibrosarcoma
  • myxoid sarcoma
  • radiation-induced sarcoma
  • soft tissue tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology

Cite this

Bandino, J. P., Norton, S. A., Aldrich, S. L., Wisco, O., Hodson, D. S., Murchland, M. R., & Grande, D. J. (2011). Low-grade myxofibrosarcoma presenting at the site of prior high-grade disease. Journal of Cutaneous Pathology, 38(10), 808-813. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0560.2011.01740.x

Low-grade myxofibrosarcoma presenting at the site of prior high-grade disease. / Bandino, Justin P.; Norton, Scott A.; Aldrich, Shelley L.; Wisco, Oliver; Hodson, Darryl S.; Murchland, Michael R.; Grande, Donald J.

In: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology, Vol. 38, No. 10, 10.2011, p. 808-813.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bandino, JP, Norton, SA, Aldrich, SL, Wisco, O, Hodson, DS, Murchland, MR & Grande, DJ 2011, 'Low-grade myxofibrosarcoma presenting at the site of prior high-grade disease', Journal of Cutaneous Pathology, vol. 38, no. 10, pp. 808-813. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0560.2011.01740.x
Bandino, Justin P. ; Norton, Scott A. ; Aldrich, Shelley L. ; Wisco, Oliver ; Hodson, Darryl S. ; Murchland, Michael R. ; Grande, Donald J. / Low-grade myxofibrosarcoma presenting at the site of prior high-grade disease. In: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology. 2011 ; Vol. 38, No. 10. pp. 808-813.
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