Low-dose antigenic signals to helper lymphocytes

Marilyn Baltz, Marvin Rittenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Balb/c spleen cells from keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) primed mice exposed to picogram quantities of KLH for 15 min in vitro became susceptible to inactivation by antiimmunoglobulin and complement. Susceptibility to antiimmunoglobulin and complement was detected as the loss of helper function measured by the inability of such cells to cooperate in an in vitro antihapten response to trinitrophenyl-KLH. Helper cells to chicken gamma globulin in the same mixture were not affected indicating specificity of the effect. The induction of susceptibility was temperature dependent; it could be induced at 37° or 30° but not at 4°. Cells became maximally susceptible to antiimmunoglobulin and complement within 15 min after exposure to the low dose of carrier after which susceptibility was lost indicating that the induced state was transient. A model is proposed for low dose dependent arming of helper cells which would permit them to discriminate between antigen challenge and background noise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-132
Number of pages8
JournalCellular Immunology
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1977

Fingerprint

Lymphocytes
Helper-Inducer T-Lymphocytes
gamma-Globulins
Noise
Chickens
Spleen
Antigens
Temperature
keyhole-limpet hemocyanin
In Vitro Techniques
trinitrophenyl keyhole limpet hemocyanin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Immunology

Cite this

Low-dose antigenic signals to helper lymphocytes. / Baltz, Marilyn; Rittenberg, Marvin.

In: Cellular Immunology, Vol. 28, No. 1, 1977, p. 125-132.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Baltz, Marilyn ; Rittenberg, Marvin. / Low-dose antigenic signals to helper lymphocytes. In: Cellular Immunology. 1977 ; Vol. 28, No. 1. pp. 125-132.
@article{2f62b0c5f7564610b004b0415b0db7b5,
title = "Low-dose antigenic signals to helper lymphocytes",
abstract = "Balb/c spleen cells from keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) primed mice exposed to picogram quantities of KLH for 15 min in vitro became susceptible to inactivation by antiimmunoglobulin and complement. Susceptibility to antiimmunoglobulin and complement was detected as the loss of helper function measured by the inability of such cells to cooperate in an in vitro antihapten response to trinitrophenyl-KLH. Helper cells to chicken gamma globulin in the same mixture were not affected indicating specificity of the effect. The induction of susceptibility was temperature dependent; it could be induced at 37° or 30° but not at 4°. Cells became maximally susceptible to antiimmunoglobulin and complement within 15 min after exposure to the low dose of carrier after which susceptibility was lost indicating that the induced state was transient. A model is proposed for low dose dependent arming of helper cells which would permit them to discriminate between antigen challenge and background noise.",
author = "Marilyn Baltz and Marvin Rittenberg",
year = "1977",
doi = "10.1016/S0008-8749(77)80012-9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "28",
pages = "125--132",
journal = "Cellular Immunology",
issn = "0008-8749",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Low-dose antigenic signals to helper lymphocytes

AU - Baltz, Marilyn

AU - Rittenberg, Marvin

PY - 1977

Y1 - 1977

N2 - Balb/c spleen cells from keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) primed mice exposed to picogram quantities of KLH for 15 min in vitro became susceptible to inactivation by antiimmunoglobulin and complement. Susceptibility to antiimmunoglobulin and complement was detected as the loss of helper function measured by the inability of such cells to cooperate in an in vitro antihapten response to trinitrophenyl-KLH. Helper cells to chicken gamma globulin in the same mixture were not affected indicating specificity of the effect. The induction of susceptibility was temperature dependent; it could be induced at 37° or 30° but not at 4°. Cells became maximally susceptible to antiimmunoglobulin and complement within 15 min after exposure to the low dose of carrier after which susceptibility was lost indicating that the induced state was transient. A model is proposed for low dose dependent arming of helper cells which would permit them to discriminate between antigen challenge and background noise.

AB - Balb/c spleen cells from keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) primed mice exposed to picogram quantities of KLH for 15 min in vitro became susceptible to inactivation by antiimmunoglobulin and complement. Susceptibility to antiimmunoglobulin and complement was detected as the loss of helper function measured by the inability of such cells to cooperate in an in vitro antihapten response to trinitrophenyl-KLH. Helper cells to chicken gamma globulin in the same mixture were not affected indicating specificity of the effect. The induction of susceptibility was temperature dependent; it could be induced at 37° or 30° but not at 4°. Cells became maximally susceptible to antiimmunoglobulin and complement within 15 min after exposure to the low dose of carrier after which susceptibility was lost indicating that the induced state was transient. A model is proposed for low dose dependent arming of helper cells which would permit them to discriminate between antigen challenge and background noise.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0017362570&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0017362570&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0008-8749(77)80012-9

DO - 10.1016/S0008-8749(77)80012-9

M3 - Article

VL - 28

SP - 125

EP - 132

JO - Cellular Immunology

JF - Cellular Immunology

SN - 0008-8749

IS - 1

ER -