Bacground-: We previously demonstrated that macrophage low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR)-related protein 1 (LRP1) deficiency increases atherosclerosis despite antiatherogenic changes including decreased uptake of remnants and increased secretion of apolipoprotein E (apoE). Thus, our objective was to determine whether the atheroprotective effects of LRP1 require interaction with apoE, one of its ligands with multiple beneficial effects. Methods and Result-: We examined atherosclerosis development in mice with specific deletion of macrophage LRP1 (apoE-/- MΦLRP1) and in LDLR-/- mice reconstituted with apoE MΦLRP1-/- bone marrow. The combined absence of apoE and LRP1 promoted atherogenesis more than did macrophage apoE deletion alone in both apoE-producing LDLR-/- mice (+88%) and apoE-/- mice (+163%). The lesions of both mouse models with apoE-/- LRP1-/- macrophages had increased macrophage content. In vitro, apoE-/- and LRP1-/- additively inhibit macrophage apoptosis. Furthermore, there was excessive accumulation of apoptotic cells in lesions of both LDLR mice (+110%) and apoE MΦLRP1-/- mice (+252%). The apoptotic cell accumulation was partially due to decreased efferocytosis as the ratio of free to cell-associated apoptotic nuclei was 3.5-fold higher in lesions of apoE MΦLRP1 -/- versus apoE mice. Lesion necrosis was also increased (6 fold) in apoE MΦLRP1-/- versus apoE mice. Compared with apoE mice, the spleens of apoE MΦLRP1-/- mice contained 1.6- and 2.4-fold more total and Ly6-C monocytes. Finally, there were 3.6- and 2.4-fold increases in Ly6-Chigh and CC-chemokine receptor 2-positive cells in lesions of apoE MΦLRP1-/- versus apoE mice, suggesting that accumulation of apoptotic cells enhances lesion development and macrophage content by promoting the recruitment of inflammatory monocytes. Conclusion-: Low-density lipoprotein receptor protein 1 exerts antiatherogenic effects via pathways independent of apoE-/- involving macrophage apoptosis and monocyte recruitment.
- Ly6-C antigen, mouse
- apolipoproteins E
- low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)