Loss-of-function screens of druggable targetome against cancer stem-like cells

Mee Song, Hani Lee, Myung Hee Nam, Euna Jeong, Somin Kim, Yourae Hong, Nayoung Kim, Hwa Young Yim, Young Ji Yoo, Jung Seok Kim, Jin Seok Kim, Yong Yeon Cho, Gordon B. Mills, Woo Young Kim, Sukjoon Yoon

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    16 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Cancer stem-like cells (CSLCs) contribute to the initiation andrecurrence of tumorsandto their resistance to conventional therapies. In this study, small interfering RNA (siRNA)-based screening of ∼4800 druggable genes in 3-dimensionalCSLCcultures in comparison to 2-dimensional bulk cultures of U87 glioma cells revealed 3 groups of genes essential for the following: survival of the CSLC population only, bulk-cultured population only, or both populations.While diverse biologic processes were associatedwith siRNAs reducing the bulk-cultured population, CSLC-eliminating siRNAs were enriched in a few functional categories, such as lipid metabolism, protein metabolism, and gene expression. Interestingly, siRNAs that selectively reduced CSLC only were found to target genes for cholesterol and unsaturated fatty acid synthesis. The lipidomic profile of CSLCs revealed increased levels of monounsaturated lipids. Pharmacologic blockage of these target pathways reduced CSLCs, and this effect was eliminated by addition of downstream metabolite products. The present CSLC-sensitive target categories provide a useful resource that can be exploited for the selective elimination ofCSLCs.-Song, M., Lee, H., Nam, M.-H., Jeong, E., Kim, S., Hong, Y., Kim, N., Yim, H. Y., Yoo, Y.-J., Kim, J. S., Kim, J.-S., Cho, Y.-Y., Mills, G. B., Kim, W.-Y., Yoon, S. Loss-offunction screens of druggable targetome against cancer stem-like cells. FASEB J. 31, 625-635 (2017).www.fasebj.org.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)625-935
    Number of pages311
    JournalFASEB Journal
    Volume31
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 2017

    Keywords

    • CSLC sphere culture
    • Lipid profile
    • Network analysis
    • siRNA screening

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biotechnology
    • Biochemistry
    • Molecular Biology
    • Genetics

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