Loss-of-function screens of druggable targetome against cancer stem-like cells

Mee Song, Hani Lee, Myung Hee Nam, Euna Jeong, Somin Kim, Yourae Hong, Nayoung Kim, Hwa Young Yim, Young Ji Yoo, Jung Seok Kim, Jin Seok Kim, Yong Yeon Cho, Gordon B. Mills, Woo Young Kim, Sukjoon Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cancer stem-like cells (CSLCs) contribute to the initiation andrecurrence of tumorsandto their resistance to conventional therapies. In this study, small interfering RNA (siRNA)-based screening of ∼4800 druggable genes in 3-dimensionalCSLCcultures in comparison to 2-dimensional bulk cultures of U87 glioma cells revealed 3 groups of genes essential for the following: survival of the CSLC population only, bulk-cultured population only, or both populations.While diverse biologic processes were associatedwith siRNAs reducing the bulk-cultured population, CSLC-eliminating siRNAs were enriched in a few functional categories, such as lipid metabolism, protein metabolism, and gene expression. Interestingly, siRNAs that selectively reduced CSLC only were found to target genes for cholesterol and unsaturated fatty acid synthesis. The lipidomic profile of CSLCs revealed increased levels of monounsaturated lipids. Pharmacologic blockage of these target pathways reduced CSLCs, and this effect was eliminated by addition of downstream metabolite products. The present CSLC-sensitive target categories provide a useful resource that can be exploited for the selective elimination ofCSLCs.-Song, M., Lee, H., Nam, M.-H., Jeong, E., Kim, S., Hong, Y., Kim, N., Yim, H. Y., Yoo, Y.-J., Kim, J. S., Kim, J.-S., Cho, Y.-Y., Mills, G. B., Kim, W.-Y., Yoon, S. Loss-offunction screens of druggable targetome against cancer stem-like cells. FASEB J. 31, 625-635 (2017).www.fasebj.org.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)625-935
Number of pages311
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CSLC sphere culture
  • Lipid profile
  • Network analysis
  • siRNA screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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    Song, M., Lee, H., Nam, M. H., Jeong, E., Kim, S., Hong, Y., Kim, N., Yim, H. Y., Yoo, Y. J., Kim, J. S., Kim, J. S., Cho, Y. Y., Mills, G. B., Kim, W. Y., & Yoon, S. (2017). Loss-of-function screens of druggable targetome against cancer stem-like cells. FASEB Journal, 31(2), 625-935. https://doi.org/10.1096/fj.201600953