Background: It has been reported that the laparoscopic repair of paraesophageal hernias is associated with higher complication and recurrence rates than the open methods of repair. Methods: We identified 136 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic repair of a paraesophageal hernia between 1993 and 1999. Patient demographics and symptom scores for regurgitation, heartburn, chest pain, and dysphagia at presentation and at last follow-up were recorded (0 = none, 1 = mild, 2 = moderate, 3 = severe). The operative records were reviewed, and early and late complications were noted. Only patients with a follow-up of 1 were included in the analysis. Results: The median age was 64 years, and there was a female preponderance (1.8:1). Most patients had some medical comorbidity; the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) scores were < 2 in eight patients and ≥2 in 117 patients. Three laparoscopic operations were converted to open procedures. There were nine intraoperative complications, five early complications, and three related deaths (morbidity and mortality rates of 10.2% and 2.2%, respectively). Follow-up data were available for 83 patients (66%), and the mean follow-up time was 40 months (range, 12-82). The percentage of patients experiencing chest pain, dysphagia, heartburn, and regurgitation in the moderate to severe range dropped from a range of 34-47% to 5-7% (p < 0.05). Three patients underwent repeat laparoscopic repair for symptomatic recurrence. Conclusion: The laparoscopic repair of paraesophageal hernias provides excellent long-term symptomatic relief in the majority of patients and has a low rate of symptomatic recurrence. The complication and death rates may be related in part to the higher incidence of comorbidities in this somewhat elderly patient population.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2002|
- Laparoscopic surgery
- Paraesophageal hernia
ASJC Scopus subject areas