Long-term nutritional status of an enterally nourished institutionalized population

S. C. Van Calcar, B. H. Liebl, M. H. Fischer, J. A. Marlett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Growth and nitrogen nutriture were evaluated during a yearlong study of 11 profoundly retarded nonambulatory institutionalized youth who were fed by gastrostomy and received anticonvulsants. The effects of dietary fiber and vitamin D were assessed by determining plasma levels and balances of zinc, magnesium, calcium, and phosphorus in a subset of six patients. Increase in body weight was 3.4 ± 2.4 kg (x̄ ± SD), in height, 5.9 ± 3.9 cm during the year. N balance remained positive throughout the study. Zn and Ca balances suggested that needs for this population may be ≥ 150% of the Recommended Dietary Allowance. Vitamin D supplementation had no effect. Soy polysaccharide fiber intakes of 18-24 g/d compared with 0 or 12-20 g fiber/d significantly improved N and P retentions. Although the determination of nutrient needs of a severely disabled population is complex, our results suggest N and energy but not Zn and Ca allowances for a healthy population may be satisfactory guidelines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)381-390
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume50
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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