Long term mortality and readmissions after transcatheter aortic valve replacement

Mourad H. Senussi, John Schindler, Ibrahim Sultan, Ahmad Masri, Forozan Navid, Dustin Kliner, Arman Kilic, Michael S. Sharbaugh, Amr Barakat, Andrew D. Althouse, Joon S. Lee, Thomas G. Gleason, Suresh R. Mulukutla

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Readmissions following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) are common but detailed analysis of cardiac and non-cardiac inpatient readmissions beyond thirty days to different levels of care are limited. Methods: Our study population was 1,037 consecutive patients who underwent TAVR between 2011-2017 within a multi-hospital quaternary health system. A retrospective chart review was performed and readmissions were adjudicated and classified based on primary readmission diagnosis (cardiac versus noncardiac) and level of care [intensive care unit (ICU) admission vs. non-ICU admission]. Incidence, causes, and outcomes of readmissions to up to three years post procedure were evaluated. Results: Of the 1,017 patients who survived their index hospitalization, there were readmissions due to noncardiac causes in 350 (34.4%) and cardiac causes in 208 (20.5%) during a mean 1.96 years of follow-up. The most common non-cardiac causes of readmission were sepsis/infection (14.3%), gastrointestinal (8.3%), and respiratory (4.8%), whereas heart failure (14.0%) and arrhythmias (4.6%) were the most common cardiac causes of readmission. A total of 191 (18.8%) patients were readmitted to the ICU and 372 patients (36.6%) were non-ICU readmissions. The risk of a noncardiac readmission was highest in the period immediately following TAVR (~4.5% per month) with an early high hazard phase that gradually declined over months. However, the risk of cardiac readmission remained stable at ~1% per month throughout. TAVR patients that were readmitted for any cause had markedly increased mortality; this was especially true for patients readmitted to an ICU. Conclusions: In TAVR patients who survived their index hospitalization, non-cardiac readmissions were more prevalent than cardiac. The risk of readmission and subsequent mortality was highest immediately post-procedure and declined thereafter. Readmission to ICU portends the highest risk of subsequent death in this cohort. Patient baseline co-morbidities are an important consideration for TAVR patients and play a significant role in readmissions and outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1002-1012
Number of pages11
JournalCardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • TAVR outcomes
  • TAVR readmissions
  • Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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