Long-term kinematic analysis of cervical spine after single-level implantation of Bryan cervical disc prosthesis

Won Hyung A. Ryu, Izabela Kowalczyk, Neil Duggal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Background context: Cervical arthroplasty theoretically reduces the risk of adjacent level disc degeneration and segmental instability that may be seen after a cervical fusion. An essential argument in confirming the utility of cervical arthroplasty is long-term confirmation that cervical disc replacements can maintain physiological kinematics at the index and adjacent levels. Purpose: The purpose of this in vivo prospective study was to characterize the long-term segmental kinematic outcomes after cervical arthroplasty. Study design/setting: Prospective cohort study. Patient sample: Twenty patients with a 5-year clinical follow-up who underwent anterior cervical discectomy with insertion of the Bryan cervical disc. Outcome measures: Physiological measures (kinematic analysis of lateral neutral, flexion, and extension radiographic imaging). Methods: Twenty consecutive patients with degenerative disc disease were followed with regular radiographic imaging after implantation of the Bryan cervical disc prosthesis. Lateral neutral, flexion, and extension radiographs (n=240) were analyzed using Quantitative Motion Analysis software (Medical Metrics, Inc., Houston, TX, USA) to measure the biomechanical profile at the index level and adjacent levels up to 5 years after surgery. Parameters collected included range of motion (ROM), functional spinal unit (FSU) angle, anterior and posterior disc heights, sagittal translation, and center of rotation (COR). Results: Biomechanics of the implanted artificial cervical disc was maintained up to 5 years with no significant changes in ROM, FSU angle, disc height, sagittal translation, and COR values when compared with early postoperative performance. Artificial discs were able to adequately restore and maintain preoperative kinematics. Early differences seen in disc height and FSU angle did not change during the duration of follow-up. No significant kyphotic changes or decrease in ROM were seen at the adjacent spinal levels. Conclusions: The Bryan cervical disc prosthesis provides for a durable solution for functional spinal motion at the operated level and maintained the preoperative kinematics at adjacent levels at the 5-year follow-up.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)628-634
Number of pages7
JournalSpine Journal
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Bryan disc
  • Cervical arthroplasty
  • Cervical disc replacement
  • Kinematics
  • Total disc replacement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology


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