Long-term kidney regraft survival from deceased donors: Risk factors and outcomes in a single center

Miha Arnol, Jonathan C. Prather, Anuja Mittalhenkle, John M. Barry, Douglas J. Norman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND.: Although survival of kidney regrafts is similar to that of primary grafts, risk factors associated with regraft survival have not been defined clearly. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for regraft outcome, including characteristics of the previous and current transplant, and time to retransplant. METHODS.: In a historical cohort study, 966 primary and 176 repeat deceased donor kidney graft recipients transplanted between January 1, 1990 and December 31, 2004 were studied. Cox regression analysis was used to estimate graft loss hazard ratios (HR) for regrafts versus primary grafts. Adjustments were made for recipient and donor demographics, transplant-related factors (transplant era, panel reactive antibodies, human leukocyte antigens mismatches, immunosuppression, delayed graft function, acute rejection [AR]), previous transplant characteristics (graft survival, graft loss because of AR), and time to retransplant. RESULTS.: A total of 508 kidney grafts were lost in the period between January 1990 and May 2007: 427 primary grafts and 81 regrafts. Regraft recipients had a covariate-adjusted 6% increase in graft loss (HR=1.06; P=0.69). Regraft loss was significantly associated with previous graft survival less than or equal to 1 year (HR=2.01; P=0.004), previous graft loss because of AR (HR=2.26; P=0.017) and time to retransplant more than 1 year (HR=2.42; P=0.002). Other significant predictors of regraft loss were diabetes (HR=1.81), donor age more than 50 years (HR=1.86) and delayed graft function after retransplant (HR=1.95). CONCLUSIONS.: Kidney regrafts seem to have similar long-term outcome as primary grafts. However, additional risk factors significantly associated with regraft survival are previous graft survival, graft loss because of rejection, and time to retransplant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1084-1089
Number of pages6
JournalTransplantation
Volume86
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 27 2008

Keywords

  • Graft survival
  • Kidney retransplantation
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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