Long-term care needs of hospitalized persons with AIDS - A prospective cohort study

Wayne C. McCormick, Thomas S. Inui, Richard (Rick) Deyo, Robert W. Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective:As the treatment for HIV infection has improved, AIDS has become a chronic disease, and the demand for long-term care has increased. The authors studied a cohort of hospitalized persons with AIDS to determine the proportion and characteristics of AIDS patients who could appropriately be cared for in long-term care facilities with skilled nursing. Design:Prospective cohort study. Setting:Medical wards of five Seattle tertiary care hospitals. Participants:120 consecutive hospitalized persons with AIDS and their primary care physicians, nurses, and social workers. Measurements and main results:Appropriateness for long-term care was determined by the patients' physicians, nurses, and social workers. Persons with AIDS who were appropriate for long-term care constituted 32% of the cohort (38 of 120), accounting for 35% of hospital days (11 of these 38 were discharged to long-term care facilities). Four admission characteristics were independently related to appropriateness: impaired activities of daily living, diagnosis of central nervous system illness or poor cognition, living alone, and weight loss. A discriminant function correctly classified over 80% of patients for appropriateness and was developed into a predictive index for planning patient care (sensitivity =0.74, specificity =0.85). Conclusions:The authors conclude that one-third of hospitalized persons with AIDS may be appropriate for care in long-term care settings, accounting for one-third of the days AIDS patients currently spend in hospitals. These patients can be identified early in hospital stays using a simple predictive index at the bedside.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-34
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of General Internal Medicine
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1991
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • AIDS
  • long-term care
  • predictive index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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