Locomotor responses to benzodiazepines, barbiturates and ethanol in diazepam-sensitive (DS) and -resistant (DR) mice

Tamara Phillips, Edward J. Gallaher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diazepam-sensitive (DS) and -resistant (DR) mice were selectively bred for increased and reduced sensitivity to the ataxic effects of diazepam (40 mg/kg). Other response differences between DS and DR mice may reflect pleiotropic effects of the genes fixed during their selection. These mice were tested for their sensitivity to the locomtor stimulant effects of several doses of diazepam, flunitrazepam, pentobarbital, phenobarbital, and ethanol. DR mice were more sensitive than DS mice to the locomotor stimulant effects of all drugs except phenobarbital. These results largely support the hypothesis that a common biological mechanism mediates sensitivity to the stimulant effects of sedative-hypnotic drugs. Receptor mediation of the benzodiazepine effects was examined by administering the benzodiazepine receptor antagonist, RO15-1788. Locomotor depression produced by diazepam and flunitrazepam in DS mice was blocked by RO15-1788. However, while the locomotor stimulation produced by diazepam in DR mice was antagonized, the stimulant effect of flunitrazepam was not. This suggests that binding of flunitrazepam to the GABAA-benzodiazepine receptor is not necessary for production of locomotor stimulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-131
Number of pages7
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume107
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1992

Fingerprint

Barbiturates
Diazepam
Benzodiazepines
Ethanol
Flunitrazepam
GABA-A Receptors
Phenobarbital
Genetic Pleiotropy
Pentobarbital
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Barbiturates
  • Benzodiazepines
  • DR mice
  • DS mice
  • Ethanol
  • Locomotor stimulation
  • Selective breeding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Locomotor responses to benzodiazepines, barbiturates and ethanol in diazepam-sensitive (DS) and -resistant (DR) mice. / Phillips, Tamara; Gallaher, Edward J.

In: Psychopharmacology, Vol. 107, No. 1, 05.1992, p. 125-131.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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