Localizing retrocochlear hearing loss

Barry E. Hirsch, John D. Durrant, Sertac Yetiser, Donald B. Kamerer, William H. Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The origin of acute/sudden hearing loss is multifactorial. The association of vestibular symptoms does not necessarily isolate the pathologic condition to the inner ear. The audiogram provides a screen for differentiating conductive from sensorineural loss but often fails to provide more localizing information. Methods: Three unusual patients with a variety of retrocochlear presentations of hearing loss are presented. Along with conventional auditory brainstem response (ABR) testing, newer auditory tests, including otoacoustic emissions and three-dimensional ABR analysis, can facilitate site-of-lesion testing. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) also provides graphic documentation for sources of retrocochlear hearing loss. Results: One patient had gamma-knife treatment of an arteriovenous malformation, incurring a localized lesion to the inferior colliculus contralateral to the side of hearing loss. This effectively eliminated wave V as confirmed by three-dimensional ABR analysis. A second patient with human immunodeficiency virus developed sudden complete hearing loss with retained otoacoustic emissions, confirming a retrocochlear lesion. A third patient with acute otitis media with sudden hearing loss and vertigo had an abnormal ABR and 'mass lesion' on MRI. Hearing subsequently returned to normal, as did a repeated scan. Conclusions: The unique aspects of each case of retrocochlear hearing loss and the applied auditory electrophysiologic tests are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)537-546
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Otology
Volume17
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 16 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diagnostic tests
  • Hearing loss
  • Retrocochlear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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  • Cite this

    Hirsch, B. E., Durrant, J. D., Yetiser, S., Kamerer, D. B., & Martin, W. H. (1996). Localizing retrocochlear hearing loss. American Journal of Otology, 17(4), 537-546.