Local microdomain structure in the terminal extensions of betaA3- and betaB2-crystallins.

Y. V. Sergeev, Larry David, H. C. Chen, J. N. Hope, J. F. Hejtmancik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: Although the crystal structures of the core domains of bovine betaB2-crystallin have been determined and those of other betagamma-crystallins modeled, the positions of the N- and C-termini are not resolvable by X-ray crystallography. Here we model the possible structural organization of the terminal arms of mouse betaA3- and betaB2-crystallins and test this model against the results of partial proteolysis. METHODS: The secondary structure of the terminal extensions was predicted by 3 different methods, one a nearest-neighbor method modified to use overlapping sequence tripeptides. Recombinant betaA3- and betaB2-crystallins were expressed using baculovirus vectors in S. frugiperda Sf9 cells. Crystallins were sequenced by the Edman degradation method. RESULTS: The N-terminal extension of betaB2-crystallin includes a series of hydrophilic residues from Q-11 to Q-9 which have high propensity of a helical conformation. The N-terminal arm of betaA3-crystallin is also predicted to have two helical segments, from Q-24 to E-20 and M-13 to A-12. Partial characterization of the baculovirus extract showed a thiol protease inhibited by leupeptin and E-64. As predicted by the model, recombinant betaB2-crystallin subjected to partial proteolysis was cleaved adjacent to the helical domain, while the N-terminal cleavage site in recombinant betaA3-crystallin was within 1 residue of an interhelical junction. Our model also predicts the products of partial proteolytic degradation of betaB2- and betaA3-crystallins from human, rat, bovine and chicken lenses incubated with the protease m-calpain. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest the existence of local microdomain structures in the N- and C-terminal extensions of betaA3- and betaB2-crystallins, which appear to be more susceptible to proteolytic degradation in regions adjacent to these putative domains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9
Number of pages1
JournalMolecular Vision
Volume4
StatePublished - Jun 18 1998
Externally publishedYes

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Crystallins
Baculoviridae
Proteolysis
Peptide Hydrolases
Sf9 Cells
compound A 12
Structural Models
X Ray Crystallography
Sulfhydryl Compounds
Lenses
Chickens

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Sergeev, Y. V., David, L., Chen, H. C., Hope, J. N., & Hejtmancik, J. F. (1998). Local microdomain structure in the terminal extensions of betaA3- and betaB2-crystallins. Molecular Vision, 4, 9.

Local microdomain structure in the terminal extensions of betaA3- and betaB2-crystallins. / Sergeev, Y. V.; David, Larry; Chen, H. C.; Hope, J. N.; Hejtmancik, J. F.

In: Molecular Vision, Vol. 4, 18.06.1998, p. 9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sergeev, Y. V. ; David, Larry ; Chen, H. C. ; Hope, J. N. ; Hejtmancik, J. F. / Local microdomain structure in the terminal extensions of betaA3- and betaB2-crystallins. In: Molecular Vision. 1998 ; Vol. 4. pp. 9.
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N2 - PURPOSE: Although the crystal structures of the core domains of bovine betaB2-crystallin have been determined and those of other betagamma-crystallins modeled, the positions of the N- and C-termini are not resolvable by X-ray crystallography. Here we model the possible structural organization of the terminal arms of mouse betaA3- and betaB2-crystallins and test this model against the results of partial proteolysis. METHODS: The secondary structure of the terminal extensions was predicted by 3 different methods, one a nearest-neighbor method modified to use overlapping sequence tripeptides. Recombinant betaA3- and betaB2-crystallins were expressed using baculovirus vectors in S. frugiperda Sf9 cells. Crystallins were sequenced by the Edman degradation method. RESULTS: The N-terminal extension of betaB2-crystallin includes a series of hydrophilic residues from Q-11 to Q-9 which have high propensity of a helical conformation. The N-terminal arm of betaA3-crystallin is also predicted to have two helical segments, from Q-24 to E-20 and M-13 to A-12. Partial characterization of the baculovirus extract showed a thiol protease inhibited by leupeptin and E-64. As predicted by the model, recombinant betaB2-crystallin subjected to partial proteolysis was cleaved adjacent to the helical domain, while the N-terminal cleavage site in recombinant betaA3-crystallin was within 1 residue of an interhelical junction. Our model also predicts the products of partial proteolytic degradation of betaB2- and betaA3-crystallins from human, rat, bovine and chicken lenses incubated with the protease m-calpain. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest the existence of local microdomain structures in the N- and C-terminal extensions of betaA3- and betaB2-crystallins, which appear to be more susceptible to proteolytic degradation in regions adjacent to these putative domains.

AB - PURPOSE: Although the crystal structures of the core domains of bovine betaB2-crystallin have been determined and those of other betagamma-crystallins modeled, the positions of the N- and C-termini are not resolvable by X-ray crystallography. Here we model the possible structural organization of the terminal arms of mouse betaA3- and betaB2-crystallins and test this model against the results of partial proteolysis. METHODS: The secondary structure of the terminal extensions was predicted by 3 different methods, one a nearest-neighbor method modified to use overlapping sequence tripeptides. Recombinant betaA3- and betaB2-crystallins were expressed using baculovirus vectors in S. frugiperda Sf9 cells. Crystallins were sequenced by the Edman degradation method. RESULTS: The N-terminal extension of betaB2-crystallin includes a series of hydrophilic residues from Q-11 to Q-9 which have high propensity of a helical conformation. The N-terminal arm of betaA3-crystallin is also predicted to have two helical segments, from Q-24 to E-20 and M-13 to A-12. Partial characterization of the baculovirus extract showed a thiol protease inhibited by leupeptin and E-64. As predicted by the model, recombinant betaB2-crystallin subjected to partial proteolysis was cleaved adjacent to the helical domain, while the N-terminal cleavage site in recombinant betaA3-crystallin was within 1 residue of an interhelical junction. Our model also predicts the products of partial proteolytic degradation of betaB2- and betaA3-crystallins from human, rat, bovine and chicken lenses incubated with the protease m-calpain. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest the existence of local microdomain structures in the N- and C-terminal extensions of betaA3- and betaB2-crystallins, which appear to be more susceptible to proteolytic degradation in regions adjacent to these putative domains.

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