Local effects of the sphingosine 1-phosphate on prostaglandin F2alpha-induced luteolysis in the pregnant rat

Fatima Hernandez, Marina C. Peluffo, Diana Bas, Richard L. Stouffer, Marta Tesone

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    15 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Since the regression of the corpus luteum (CL) occurs via a tightly controlled apoptotic process, studies were designed to determine if local administration of the antiapoptotic agent sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) effectively blocks the luteolytic action of prostaglandin F-2alpha (PGF-2α). On day 19 of pregnancy, 2 hr before systemic PGF-2α administration, rats were injected intrabursa with either S1P or vehicle (control). The activity of four caspases, which contribute to the initial (caspase-2, -8, and -9) and final (caspase-3) events in apoptosis was measured in pooled CL from four individual ovaries at 0 and 4 hr after PGF-2α injection. The expression of the phosphorylated form of AKT (pAKT) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) was analyzed by ELISA. In addition, cell death was evaluated by electronic microscopy (EM) in CL 4 and 36 hr after PGF-2α injection. The activity of caspase-2, -3, and -8 was significantly greater by 4 hr after PGF-2α, but not caspase-9 activity. In contrast, expression of pAKT and TNF-α decreased significantly. Administration of S1P suppressed (P < 0.05) these effects, decreasing caspase activities and increasing pAKT and TNF-α expression. The administration of S1P also significantly decreased the percentage of luteal apoptotic cells induced by PGF-2α. PGF-2α treatment increased the prevalence of luteal cells with advanced signs of apoptosis (i.e., multiple nuclear fragments, chromatin condensation, or apoptotic bodies). S1P treatment suppressed these changes and increased the blood vessel density. These results suggest that S1P blocks the luteolytic effect of the PGF-2α by decreasing caspase-2, -3, and -8 activities and increasing AKT phosphorylation and TNF-α expression.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1153-1164
    Number of pages12
    JournalMolecular Reproduction and Development
    Volume76
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 2009

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Genetics
    • Developmental Biology
    • Cell Biology

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