Liver injury in patients with COVID-19: clinical profiles, CT findings, the correlation of the severity with liver injury

Ping Lei, Lan Zhang, Ping Han, Chuansheng Zheng, Qiaoxia Tong, Haitao Shang, Fan Yang, Yu Hu, Xin Li, Yuhu Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and aims: Liver injury is found in some of patients with COVID-19. Liver injury of COVID-19 patients based on severity grading and abdominal radiological signs have not been reported until now. The aim of our study is to determine clinical profiles of the patients based on severity grading, describe abdominal radiological signs, and investigate the correlations of the severity with clinical profiles and radiological signs. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 115 patients with COVID-19 from Jan 2020 to Feb 2020. Medical records of the patients were collected and CT images were reviewed. Results: Common clinical manifestations of patients with COVID-19 were fever (68.70%), cough (56.52%), fatigue (31.30%); some of them had gastrointestinal symptoms (diarrhea, 12.17%; nausea or vomiting 7.83%; inappetence, 7.83%). Abnormal liver function was observed in some of patients with COVID-19. Significant differences in the levels of AST, albumin,CRP were observed among different groups classified by the severity. Common findings of upper abdominal CT scan were liver hypodensity (26.09%) and pericholecystic fat stranding (21.27%); liver hypodensity was more frequently found in critical cases (58.82%). The severity of COVID-19 correlated with semi-quantitative CT score of pulmonary lesions, CT-quantified liver/spleen attenuation ratio in patients with COVID-19. Conclusions: Some of the patients with COVID-19 displayed liver damage revealed by liver functional tests and upper abdominal CT imaging, and the severity of COVID-19 patients correlated with some of liver functional tests and CT signs; thus, it will allow an earlier identification of high-risk patients for early effective intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)733-742
Number of pages10
JournalHepatology International
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Clinical profiles
  • Liver
  • Tomography
  • X-ray computed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

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