Liquid plasma reduces waste and health care expenses compared with thawed plasma at a Level i trauma center

Sawyer Smith, Elizabeth Dewey, Mandy Vansandt, Martin Schreiber

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND Balanced resuscitation strategies have led to increased utilization of plasma. Fresh frozen plasma that is thawed and never used is a large source of blood component wastage. Thawed plasma (TP) and can only be stored for 5 days. Liquid plasma (LP) has never been frozen and can be stored for 26 days. Due to longer storage duration, we hypothesized that using LP would result in decreased waste and cost savings compared with TP. METHODS We performed a retrospective review of all trauma patients at our Level I trauma center in the years 2015 to 2016. We compared 2015 when only TP was used to 2016 when both TP and LP were used. All plasma units ordered for trauma patients were tracked until the time of transfusion or wastage. Wastage rates were compared between years and plasma type. RESULTS There were 5,789 trauma patients admitted to our institution from 2015 to 2016. There were 4,107 plasma units ordered with 487 (11.9%) units wasted. During 2015, 2,021 total units of plasma were ordered with 273 (13.5%) units wasted which was a significantly higher rate than 2016 when 2,086 total units of plasma were ordered and 214 (10.3%) units were wasted (p = 0.0013). During 2016, 1,739 units of TP were ordered and 204 (11.7%) units were wasted which was significantly higher than LP wastage, 347 units ordered and 10 (2.9%) units wasted (p < 0.001). Of the 477 wasted TP units, 76.9% were ordered no more than two times before being wasted and 95.8% were ordered no more than three times before being wasted. Of the 10 LP units wasted, 40% were ordered no more than two times before being wasted, and 50% were ordered no more than three times before being wasted. If TP was wasted at the same rate as LP, 368 fewer units of plasma would have been wasted representing US $39,376 (US $107/unit) of wasted health care expenses. CONCLUSION At a Level I trauma center, the addition of LP to the blood bank for trauma resuscitations significantly reduced plasma wastage rates and health care expenses. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Level III, Economic/Decision.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)867-870
    Number of pages4
    JournalJournal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
    Volume89
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Nov 1 2020

    Keywords

    • Liquid plasma
    • cost savings
    • transfusions
    • waste reduction

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Surgery
    • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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