Limited nutrient availability in the tumor microenvironment renders pancreatic tumors sensitive to allosteric IDH1 inhibitors

Ali Vaziri-Gohar, Joel Cassel, Farheen S. Mohammed, Mehrdad Zarei, Jonathan J. Hue, Omid Hajihassani, Hallie J. Graor, Yellamelli V.V. Srikanth, Saadia A. Karim, Ata Abbas, Erin Prendergast, Vanessa Chen, Erryk S. Katayama, Katerina Dukleska, Imran Khokhar, Anthony Andren, Li Zhang, Chunying Wu, Bernadette Erokwu, Chris A. FlaskMahsa Zarei, Rui Wang, Luke D. Rothermel, Andrea M.P. Romani, Jessica Bowers, Robert Getts, Curtis Tatsuoka, Jennifer P. Morton, Ilya Bederman, Henri Brunengraber, Costas A. Lyssiotis, Joseph M. Salvino, Jonathan R. Brody, Jordan M. Winter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nutrient-deprived conditions in the tumor microenvironment (TME) restrain cancer cell viability due to increased free radicals and reduced energy production. In pancreatic cancer cells a cytosolic metabolic enzyme, wild-type isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (wtIDH1), enables adaptation to these conditions. Under nutrient starvation, wtIDH1 oxidizes isocitrate to generate α-ketoglutarate (αKG) for anaplerosis and NADPH to support antioxidant defense. In this study, we show that allosteric inhibitors of mutant IDH1 (mIDH1) are potent wtIDH1 inhibitors under conditions present in the TME. We demonstrate that low magnesium levels facilitate allosteric inhibition of wtIDH1, which is lethal to cancer cells when nutrients are limited. Furthermore, the Food & Drug Administration (FDA)-approved mIDH1 inhibitor ivosidenib (AG-120) dramatically inhibited tumor growth in preclinical models of pancreatic cancer, highlighting this approach as a potential therapeutic strategy against wild-type IDH1 cancers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)852-865
Number of pages14
JournalNature Cancer
Volume3
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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