The interaction of leukocytes with endothelial cells is intrinsic to the process of leukocyte extravasation, whether during the entry of blood polymorphonuclear leukocytes and monocytes into sites of acute and chronic inflammation, or during the homing of lymphocytes to lymphoid organs. A lymphocyte surface glycoprotein, defined by monoclonal antibody MEL-14, has been described that appears to mediate lymphocyte recognition of postcapillary venules in peripheral lymph nodes, and to control the migration of lymphocytes from the blood into these lymphoid organs. We now report that the antigenic determinant recognized by MEL-14 is present at high levels on other leukocytes as well, including neutrophils, monocytes, and eosinophils; and we demonstrate involvement of the MEL-14 antigen in neutrophil-endothelial cell interactions. MEL-14 immunoprecipitates a neutrophil surface protein of M(r) approximately 100,000, similar in m.w. to the 80,000 to 90,000 dalton lymphocyte surface MEL-14 antigen, and it blocks the interaction of neutrophils with endothelial cells in an in vitro model of adhesion to postcapillary venules in lymph node frozen sections. Neutrophil binding to lymph node venules is also inhibited by PPME, a mannose-6-phosphate-rich yeast polysaccharide that is thought to mimick the endothelial cell ligand for the MEL-14-defined lymphocyte receptor. Interestingly, neither MEL-14 nor PPME exhibit a major effect on neutrophil binding to postcapillary venules in Peyer's patches, suggesting that as for lymphocytes, the neutrophil MEL-14 antigen is involved in recognition of tissue-specific endothelial determinants. Finally, we show that MEL-14 inhibits the capacity of neutrophils to migrate from the blood into sites of acute inflammation in the skin. These observations lead us to propose that receptors for tissue-specific endothelial determinants are utilized by neutrophils and lymphocytes and probably other leukocytes during the physiologic process of leukocyte extravasation in vivo.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy