Length effects in word perception

We is better than I but worse than you or them

Arthur G. Samuel, Jan Van Santen, James C. Johnston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

D. D. Wheeler's (1970) finding that the words I and A do not have the same advantage as other words, despite their lexical status, was replicated in 3 experiments (54 high school Ss). This result held even under conditions designed to influence Ss to process I and A as words. The poor performance on these single-letter words was shown to be a manifestation of a more general length effect: Recognition of briefly presented words improves with increasing length (up to 3 or 4 letters). The perceptual advantage for longer words was not found for closely matched strings of unrelated letters. The strength and robustness of the word-length effect suggest that theories of the word advantage must include mechanisms that are length dependent. (20 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-105
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1982
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Length
Word Perception
Recognition (Psychology)
Letters
Experiment
High School
Manifestation
Long Words
Strings
Robustness
Word Length Effect

Keywords

  • processing of single letter words as words vs letters, high school students
  • word length &
  • words vs letters, word recognition &

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Cite this

Length effects in word perception : We is better than I but worse than you or them. / Samuel, Arthur G.; Van Santen, Jan; Johnston, James C.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, Vol. 8, No. 1, 02.1982, p. 91-105.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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