Lead exposure and early child neurodevelopment among children 12–24 months in Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of Congo

Espérance Kashala-Abotnes, Pépé Penghele Mumbere, Jeannette Mukanya Mishika, Ally Omba Ndjukendi, Davin Beya Mpaka, Makila Mabe Guy Bumoko, Tharcisse Kalula Kayembe, Daniel Tshala-Katumbay, Théodore Kayembe Kazadi, Daniel Luwa E Andjafono Okitundu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Childhood lead exposure remains a problem in developing countries, and little is known about its effects on early child neurodevelopment and temperament in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). We, therefore, conducted this study to determine the association between lead exposure and the neurodevelopment and behaviour of children aged 12–24 months in Kinshasa, DRC. A cross-sectional study was conducted between February and June 2012, and parents of 104 children were invited to participate. Blood lead levels (BLLs) of each child were tested using the flame atomic spectrophotometry method. All children were subject to a clinical examination and assessed with two selected early child neurodevelopmental tools, the Gensini–Gavito and the baby characteristics questionnaire, to measure their neurodevelopment and temperament. Detectable BLLs ranged from 1 to 30 μg/dl with a geometric mean of 6.9 (SD 4.8) μg/dl. BLLs at 5–9 and ≥10 μg/dl were significantly associated with the child temperament (p

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - May 10 2016

Fingerprint

Democratic Republic of the Congo
Temperament
Atomic Spectrophotometry
Child Behavior
Developing Countries
Lead
Democratic Republic of Congo
Cross-Sectional Studies
Parents

Keywords

  • Childhood
  • Kinshasa/DRC
  • Lead exposure
  • Neurodevelopment
  • Temperament

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Philosophy
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Kashala-Abotnes, E., Mumbere, P. P., Mishika, J. M., Ndjukendi, A. O., Mpaka, D. B., Bumoko, M. M. G., ... Okitundu, D. L. E. A. (Accepted/In press). Lead exposure and early child neurodevelopment among children 12–24 months in Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of Congo. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-016-0860-3

Lead exposure and early child neurodevelopment among children 12–24 months in Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of Congo. / Kashala-Abotnes, Espérance; Mumbere, Pépé Penghele; Mishika, Jeannette Mukanya; Ndjukendi, Ally Omba; Mpaka, Davin Beya; Bumoko, Makila Mabe Guy; Kayembe, Tharcisse Kalula; Tshala-Katumbay, Daniel; Kazadi, Théodore Kayembe; Okitundu, Daniel Luwa E Andjafono.

In: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 10.05.2016, p. 1-7.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kashala-Abotnes, Espérance ; Mumbere, Pépé Penghele ; Mishika, Jeannette Mukanya ; Ndjukendi, Ally Omba ; Mpaka, Davin Beya ; Bumoko, Makila Mabe Guy ; Kayembe, Tharcisse Kalula ; Tshala-Katumbay, Daniel ; Kazadi, Théodore Kayembe ; Okitundu, Daniel Luwa E Andjafono. / Lead exposure and early child neurodevelopment among children 12–24 months in Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of Congo. In: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 2016 ; pp. 1-7.
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