Laser resection of the prostate: Implications for anesthesia

Richard A. Hanson, Mark Zornow, Michael J. Conlin, Ansgar Brambrink

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    22 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet and potassium-titanyl-phosphate lasers make it possible to perform transurethral prostate resection with almost no absorption of irrigant and minimal blood loss. Subarachnoid block is usually administered for classical transurethral resection of the prostate, so that the patient can be monitored for the onset of transurethral resection of the prostate syndrome secondary to irrigant absorption. New laser resection techniques may allow the patient and anesthesiologist to choose options most appropriate for the patient's medical conditions and preference.In this study, we review the urologic literature to provide an overview of current laser technology for prostate reduction surgery. We also screened this literature for evidence of potential effects on anesthesia care for special patient groups as well as for overall perioperative management.Our findings suggest that the anesthesiologist may now safely offer general anesthesia for endourologic laser surgery, even on an ambulatory basis. This includes patients with cardiovascular disease or receiving continuous anticoagulation therapy.We found no studies specifically aimed at evaluating best anesthetic practices for patients undergoing laser procedures. Therefore, clinical research is needed to better define the risks and benefits of the various anesthetic alternatives.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)475-479
    Number of pages5
    JournalAnesthesia and analgesia
    Volume105
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Aug 2007

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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