Laser in situ keratomileusis versus photorefractive keratectomy in the correction of myopic astigmatism

Frederick W. Fraunfelder, Steven E. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose. To evaluate retrospectively the effectiveness of astigmatism correction in eyes treated with laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Methods. Patients with low to moderate myopia with astigmatism ranging from +0.25 to +4.50 diopters were included in the study. PRK was performed on 62 eyes and LASIK on 70 eyes. Six-month data were analyzed with regard to astigmatism power, astigmatism axis, spherical equivalent, uncorrected visual acuity, vector astigmatism change, and topographic corneal regularity. Results. Mean astigmatism magnitude change was 0.54 ± 0.76 in PRK-treated eyes and 0.60 ± 0.67 in LASIK-treated eyes (61% versus 64% change, respectively, p = 0.61) at 6 months after surgery. Mean spherical correction change was -2.79 ± 1.51 for PRK and -2.90 ± 1.03 for LASIK (p = 0.63). Mean spherical equivalent change was -2.5 ± 1.57 for PRK and -2.6 ± 1.23 for LASIK (p = 0.73). Mean change in astigmatism axis was 20.8 ± 73.1 for PRK and 33.8 ± 81.7 for LASIK (p = 0.34). Mean change in uncorrected visual acuity (LogMar) was 0.84 ± 0.26 for PRK and 0.89 ± 0.23 for LASIK (p = 0.21). Mean vector-corrected astigmatism change was 0.88 ± 0.66 for PRK and 0.95 ± 0.59 for LASIK (p = 0.51). Mean vector-corrected astigmatism axis for PRK was 86.9 ± 59° and for LASIK 83.8 ± -47.6° (p = 0.75). Conclusion. There was no significant difference in astigmatism correction between PRK and LASIK at 6 months after surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-387
Number of pages3
JournalCornea
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

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Photorefractive Keratectomy
Laser In Situ Keratomileusis
Astigmatism
Visual Acuity
Myopia

Keywords

  • Astigmatism
  • Laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK)
  • Myopia
  • Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Laser in situ keratomileusis versus photorefractive keratectomy in the correction of myopic astigmatism. / Fraunfelder, Frederick W.; Wilson, Steven E.

In: Cornea, Vol. 20, No. 4, 2001, p. 385-387.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fraunfelder, Frederick W. ; Wilson, Steven E. / Laser in situ keratomileusis versus photorefractive keratectomy in the correction of myopic astigmatism. In: Cornea. 2001 ; Vol. 20, No. 4. pp. 385-387.
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abstract = "Purpose. To evaluate retrospectively the effectiveness of astigmatism correction in eyes treated with laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Methods. Patients with low to moderate myopia with astigmatism ranging from +0.25 to +4.50 diopters were included in the study. PRK was performed on 62 eyes and LASIK on 70 eyes. Six-month data were analyzed with regard to astigmatism power, astigmatism axis, spherical equivalent, uncorrected visual acuity, vector astigmatism change, and topographic corneal regularity. Results. Mean astigmatism magnitude change was 0.54 ± 0.76 in PRK-treated eyes and 0.60 ± 0.67 in LASIK-treated eyes (61{\%} versus 64{\%} change, respectively, p = 0.61) at 6 months after surgery. Mean spherical correction change was -2.79 ± 1.51 for PRK and -2.90 ± 1.03 for LASIK (p = 0.63). Mean spherical equivalent change was -2.5 ± 1.57 for PRK and -2.6 ± 1.23 for LASIK (p = 0.73). Mean change in astigmatism axis was 20.8 ± 73.1 for PRK and 33.8 ± 81.7 for LASIK (p = 0.34). Mean change in uncorrected visual acuity (LogMar) was 0.84 ± 0.26 for PRK and 0.89 ± 0.23 for LASIK (p = 0.21). Mean vector-corrected astigmatism change was 0.88 ± 0.66 for PRK and 0.95 ± 0.59 for LASIK (p = 0.51). Mean vector-corrected astigmatism axis for PRK was 86.9 ± 59° and for LASIK 83.8 ± -47.6° (p = 0.75). Conclusion. There was no significant difference in astigmatism correction between PRK and LASIK at 6 months after surgery.",
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N2 - Purpose. To evaluate retrospectively the effectiveness of astigmatism correction in eyes treated with laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Methods. Patients with low to moderate myopia with astigmatism ranging from +0.25 to +4.50 diopters were included in the study. PRK was performed on 62 eyes and LASIK on 70 eyes. Six-month data were analyzed with regard to astigmatism power, astigmatism axis, spherical equivalent, uncorrected visual acuity, vector astigmatism change, and topographic corneal regularity. Results. Mean astigmatism magnitude change was 0.54 ± 0.76 in PRK-treated eyes and 0.60 ± 0.67 in LASIK-treated eyes (61% versus 64% change, respectively, p = 0.61) at 6 months after surgery. Mean spherical correction change was -2.79 ± 1.51 for PRK and -2.90 ± 1.03 for LASIK (p = 0.63). Mean spherical equivalent change was -2.5 ± 1.57 for PRK and -2.6 ± 1.23 for LASIK (p = 0.73). Mean change in astigmatism axis was 20.8 ± 73.1 for PRK and 33.8 ± 81.7 for LASIK (p = 0.34). Mean change in uncorrected visual acuity (LogMar) was 0.84 ± 0.26 for PRK and 0.89 ± 0.23 for LASIK (p = 0.21). Mean vector-corrected astigmatism change was 0.88 ± 0.66 for PRK and 0.95 ± 0.59 for LASIK (p = 0.51). Mean vector-corrected astigmatism axis for PRK was 86.9 ± 59° and for LASIK 83.8 ± -47.6° (p = 0.75). Conclusion. There was no significant difference in astigmatism correction between PRK and LASIK at 6 months after surgery.

AB - Purpose. To evaluate retrospectively the effectiveness of astigmatism correction in eyes treated with laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Methods. Patients with low to moderate myopia with astigmatism ranging from +0.25 to +4.50 diopters were included in the study. PRK was performed on 62 eyes and LASIK on 70 eyes. Six-month data were analyzed with regard to astigmatism power, astigmatism axis, spherical equivalent, uncorrected visual acuity, vector astigmatism change, and topographic corneal regularity. Results. Mean astigmatism magnitude change was 0.54 ± 0.76 in PRK-treated eyes and 0.60 ± 0.67 in LASIK-treated eyes (61% versus 64% change, respectively, p = 0.61) at 6 months after surgery. Mean spherical correction change was -2.79 ± 1.51 for PRK and -2.90 ± 1.03 for LASIK (p = 0.63). Mean spherical equivalent change was -2.5 ± 1.57 for PRK and -2.6 ± 1.23 for LASIK (p = 0.73). Mean change in astigmatism axis was 20.8 ± 73.1 for PRK and 33.8 ± 81.7 for LASIK (p = 0.34). Mean change in uncorrected visual acuity (LogMar) was 0.84 ± 0.26 for PRK and 0.89 ± 0.23 for LASIK (p = 0.21). Mean vector-corrected astigmatism change was 0.88 ± 0.66 for PRK and 0.95 ± 0.59 for LASIK (p = 0.51). Mean vector-corrected astigmatism axis for PRK was 86.9 ± 59° and for LASIK 83.8 ± -47.6° (p = 0.75). Conclusion. There was no significant difference in astigmatism correction between PRK and LASIK at 6 months after surgery.

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KW - Laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK)

KW - Myopia

KW - Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK)

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