Purpose: To determine the overall survival for patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer treated with lapatinib and gemcitabine. Materials and Methods: Patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer received lapatinib, 1,500 mg/d, and Gemcitabine, 1 g/m2/wk for 3 weeks followed by 1 week off, until disease progression. This multicenter phase II study was planned to enter 125 patients to evaluate whether the treatment regimen could achieve a 1-year survival of 30% and a median survival of 7 months. An additional subset of 20 patients were to receive 2 months of single agent lapatinib followed by lapatinib and gemcitabine. Results: At a planned 6 month analysis, the Brown University Oncology Group Data Safety Monitoring Board terminated accrual after 29 patients because of futility analysis. The median survival was 4 months (95% confidence interval, 3.0-5.0 months). Three of the 29 (10%) patients had a partial response. The 4 patients who received single agent lapatinib all progressed at 1 month. Conclusion: Lapatinib is not effective in pancreatic cancer. Evaluation of HER2 inhibitors in pancreatic cancer is not warranted.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||American Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2011|
- pancreatic cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research