Lack of Lipid Screening Disparities in Obese Latino Adults at Health Centers

John Heintzman, Steffani Bailey, John Muench, Marie Killerby, Stuart Cowburn, Miguel Marino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: In cross-sectional survey studies, obese Latinos are less likely to be screened for elevated serum cholesterol, despite their higher risk for hyperlipidemia and coronary artery disease. This study evaluated insurance and racial/ethnic disparities in lipid screening receipt between obese Latino and non-Hispanic white patients in Oregon community health centers (CHCs) over 5 years, using electronic health record data. Methods: This retrospective cohort study evaluated obese (BMI ≥30), low-income, adult patients (aged 21-79 years) with at least one visit at an Oregon CHC during 2009-2013 (n=11,095). Odds of lipid screening in the study period (clinical data collected in 2009-2013) were measured, adjusting for age, sex, primary clinic, and comorbidities, stratified by utilization in the study period. Analysis was done in 2016. Results: Sixty percent of the study population received at least one lipid screening in 2009-2013. There were no significant differences in screening between insured Latinos and insured non-Hispanic whites, except those with more than five visits over 5 years (OR=0.75, 95% CI=0.60, 0.94). Uninsured Latinos had higher odds of screening versus insured non-Hispanic whites among the low visit strata (OR=1.65, 95% CI=1.18, 2.30). Among Latinos, Spanish preference resulted in higher screening odds versus English preference in the two- to five-visit stratum (OR=1.63, 95% CI=1.12, 2.35). Conclusions: Obese, low-income patients at CHCs underutilize cholesterol screening. However, screening differences by race/ethnicity and preferred language are minimal. Further research is necessary to understand how care delivered by CHCs may mitigate previously reported disparities in lipid screening.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2016

Fingerprint

Community Health Centers
Hispanic Americans
Lipids
Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Electronic Health Records
Hypercholesterolemia
Hyperlipidemias
Insurance
Comorbidity
Coronary Artery Disease
Cohort Studies
Language
Retrospective Studies
Cholesterol
Serum
Research
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

@article{f80d1f6b6ca44fa59641859e84f1223c,
title = "Lack of Lipid Screening Disparities in Obese Latino Adults at Health Centers",
abstract = "Introduction: In cross-sectional survey studies, obese Latinos are less likely to be screened for elevated serum cholesterol, despite their higher risk for hyperlipidemia and coronary artery disease. This study evaluated insurance and racial/ethnic disparities in lipid screening receipt between obese Latino and non-Hispanic white patients in Oregon community health centers (CHCs) over 5 years, using electronic health record data. Methods: This retrospective cohort study evaluated obese (BMI ≥30), low-income, adult patients (aged 21-79 years) with at least one visit at an Oregon CHC during 2009-2013 (n=11,095). Odds of lipid screening in the study period (clinical data collected in 2009-2013) were measured, adjusting for age, sex, primary clinic, and comorbidities, stratified by utilization in the study period. Analysis was done in 2016. Results: Sixty percent of the study population received at least one lipid screening in 2009-2013. There were no significant differences in screening between insured Latinos and insured non-Hispanic whites, except those with more than five visits over 5 years (OR=0.75, 95{\%} CI=0.60, 0.94). Uninsured Latinos had higher odds of screening versus insured non-Hispanic whites among the low visit strata (OR=1.65, 95{\%} CI=1.18, 2.30). Among Latinos, Spanish preference resulted in higher screening odds versus English preference in the two- to five-visit stratum (OR=1.63, 95{\%} CI=1.12, 2.35). Conclusions: Obese, low-income patients at CHCs underutilize cholesterol screening. However, screening differences by race/ethnicity and preferred language are minimal. Further research is necessary to understand how care delivered by CHCs may mitigate previously reported disparities in lipid screening.",
author = "John Heintzman and Steffani Bailey and John Muench and Marie Killerby and Stuart Cowburn and Miguel Marino",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1016/j.amepre.2016.12.020",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "American Journal of Preventive Medicine",
issn = "0749-3797",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Lack of Lipid Screening Disparities in Obese Latino Adults at Health Centers

AU - Heintzman, John

AU - Bailey, Steffani

AU - Muench, John

AU - Killerby, Marie

AU - Cowburn, Stuart

AU - Marino, Miguel

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Introduction: In cross-sectional survey studies, obese Latinos are less likely to be screened for elevated serum cholesterol, despite their higher risk for hyperlipidemia and coronary artery disease. This study evaluated insurance and racial/ethnic disparities in lipid screening receipt between obese Latino and non-Hispanic white patients in Oregon community health centers (CHCs) over 5 years, using electronic health record data. Methods: This retrospective cohort study evaluated obese (BMI ≥30), low-income, adult patients (aged 21-79 years) with at least one visit at an Oregon CHC during 2009-2013 (n=11,095). Odds of lipid screening in the study period (clinical data collected in 2009-2013) were measured, adjusting for age, sex, primary clinic, and comorbidities, stratified by utilization in the study period. Analysis was done in 2016. Results: Sixty percent of the study population received at least one lipid screening in 2009-2013. There were no significant differences in screening between insured Latinos and insured non-Hispanic whites, except those with more than five visits over 5 years (OR=0.75, 95% CI=0.60, 0.94). Uninsured Latinos had higher odds of screening versus insured non-Hispanic whites among the low visit strata (OR=1.65, 95% CI=1.18, 2.30). Among Latinos, Spanish preference resulted in higher screening odds versus English preference in the two- to five-visit stratum (OR=1.63, 95% CI=1.12, 2.35). Conclusions: Obese, low-income patients at CHCs underutilize cholesterol screening. However, screening differences by race/ethnicity and preferred language are minimal. Further research is necessary to understand how care delivered by CHCs may mitigate previously reported disparities in lipid screening.

AB - Introduction: In cross-sectional survey studies, obese Latinos are less likely to be screened for elevated serum cholesterol, despite their higher risk for hyperlipidemia and coronary artery disease. This study evaluated insurance and racial/ethnic disparities in lipid screening receipt between obese Latino and non-Hispanic white patients in Oregon community health centers (CHCs) over 5 years, using electronic health record data. Methods: This retrospective cohort study evaluated obese (BMI ≥30), low-income, adult patients (aged 21-79 years) with at least one visit at an Oregon CHC during 2009-2013 (n=11,095). Odds of lipid screening in the study period (clinical data collected in 2009-2013) were measured, adjusting for age, sex, primary clinic, and comorbidities, stratified by utilization in the study period. Analysis was done in 2016. Results: Sixty percent of the study population received at least one lipid screening in 2009-2013. There were no significant differences in screening between insured Latinos and insured non-Hispanic whites, except those with more than five visits over 5 years (OR=0.75, 95% CI=0.60, 0.94). Uninsured Latinos had higher odds of screening versus insured non-Hispanic whites among the low visit strata (OR=1.65, 95% CI=1.18, 2.30). Among Latinos, Spanish preference resulted in higher screening odds versus English preference in the two- to five-visit stratum (OR=1.63, 95% CI=1.12, 2.35). Conclusions: Obese, low-income patients at CHCs underutilize cholesterol screening. However, screening differences by race/ethnicity and preferred language are minimal. Further research is necessary to understand how care delivered by CHCs may mitigate previously reported disparities in lipid screening.

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