Lack of impact of radiologic septal measurements upon patient symptoms and performance of septoplasty during endoscopic sinus surgery

Nicholas R. Rowan, Zachary M. Soler, Jess C. Mace, Marc P. Camilon, Charles Palmer, Rabun H. Jones, Timothy L. Smith, Rodney J. Schlosser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Recent literature suggests that concurrent septoplasty during endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) improves patient outcomes, however, the underlying indications for performing concurrent septoplasty are unknown. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between objective radiologic measures of nasal septal deviation with preoperative patient symptomatology and measures of CRS disease severity. We also sought to understand the association of objective radiologic measurements with surgeon performance of concurrent septoplasty during ESS. Methodology: Seventy-four patients with CRS undergoing ESS were prospectively enrolled. Angles of septal deviation, intra-nasal areas and volumes were assessed on preoperative computed tomography (CT) scans and correlated with a robust battery of patient reported outcomes measures (PROMs), objective measures of CRS severity including olfaction scores, radiologic and endoscopic staging, and performance of septoplasty. Results: Intranasal areas and volumes demonstrated only weak linear associations with patient-reported nasal congestion, however, angles of septal deviation alone did not correlate with congestion or any other PROM measure. Meanwhile, radiologic septal-related measurements did not correlate with objective measures of CRS disease severity or the performance of a concurrent septoplasty. Conclusions: Though prior studies demonstrate improved patient outcomes in the setting of concurrent septoplasty during ESS, this study failed to establish an association between preoperative radiologic septal-related measurements and patient sympto-matology or surgeon decision to perform septoplasty. Although objective factors to identify patients most likely to benefit from concurrent septoplasty remain unidentified, the potential improvement of surgical recommendations and patient outcomes makes this an important area of continued investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalRhinology
Volume58
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Chronic rhinosinusitis
  • Olfaction disorders
  • Quality of life
  • Septoplasty
  • Sinus surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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