Purpose: We reviewed our most recent 10-year experience with kidney transplantation in children to determine the morbidity and mortality of the procedure, and to identify factors that affected outcome. Materials and Methods: A total of 107 renal transplants were done in 95 children i to 17 years old (mean age 10.9) during the 10-year period ending January 1, 1997. The 4 most common causes of end stage renal disease were renal dysplasia, reflux nephropathy, obstructive uropathy and systemic immunological diseases. Cyclosporine based immunosuppression was used in all but 2 recipients. After April 1991 antilymphocyte antibody induction, coagulopathy screening, systemic anticoagulation and cytomegalovirus prophylaxis were incorporated into the protocols. The effects of kidney source, recipient gender, recipient age, preformed anti-HLA antibody level, preemptive renal transplantation, cytomegalovirus risk, antilymphocyte antibody induction therapy and date of renal transplantation on kidney graft survival were examined with the log rank test. Results: The 1-year graft and patient survival rates were 91 and 99%, respectively. The most common causes of graft failure were rejection and recurrence of primary renal disease. The only factors that significantly (p <0.05) influenced graft survival were antilymphocyte antibody induction immunosuppression and kidney transplantation after April 1991. Three urological complications required surgical correction. Medical morbidity included hypertension in 48.6% of the cases, short stature in 46.6% and obesity in 58.9%. Conclusions: Pediatric renal transplantation can be done with acceptable morbidity, a low rate of technical complications and low mortality. Hypertension, chronic rejection and abnormal body habitus continue to be problematic.
- Kidney transplantation
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